Dr Mark Young

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Visiting Professor

Brunel University London
Uxbridge
UB8 3PH
United Kingdom

Summary

Summary:

Mark Young is a Visiting Professor in Human Factors & Ergonomics within the School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University London, UK. His research interests include cognitive ergonomics aspects of attention, human performance, and human error. Particular emphasis is placed on transportation human factors and transport safety, particularly with advanced vehicle technologies and automation. His research has focused mainly on driver attention and mental workload with vehicle automation, but he also has experience in rail safety and human factors aspects of aviation.

He is a Registered Member of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors (IEHF) and a member of the Human Centred Design Institute (HCDI).

Brief biography:

Mark has a BSc in Psychology and a PhD in Cognitive Ergonomics, both from the University of Southampton, and a PGCert in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education from Brunel University London.  He worked at the Rail Safety and Standards Board from 2001 to 2003, and was a Visiting Fellow in the Department of Aviation, University of New South Wales, in 2004.  He was a full-time member of Brunel Design from 2004 to 2012, and is also a Visiting Fellow at Curtin University in Perth, Australia.

Research and Teaching

Research Interests

  • Transportation human factors
  • Human attention and mental workload
  • Human performance and human error
  • Human interaction with advanced technologies and automation

Previous Research

Knowledge Transfer Secondment – Volvo Cars

  • Sponsors: Brunel University London
  • FEC Value: £5.5k
  • Dates: 2010

Making Things Better: An ergonomics exhibition at the Design Museum

  • Sponsors: EPSRC
  • FEC Value: £252k
  • Dates: 2008-2010

Secondment into knowledge (with Human Engineering Ltd)

  • Sponsors: London Development Agency
  • Value: £16k
  • Dates: 2007-2008

Foot-LITE: Enabling better driving

  • Sponsors: EPSRC
  • FEC Value: £313k
  • Dates: 2007-2010

Driven to distraction: Determining the effects of roadside advertising on driver attention

  • Sponsors: Rees Jeffreys Road Fund
  • FEC Value: £27k
  • Dates: 2006

Driving forces: Establishing Brunel as a centre of excellence in transport ergonomics

  • Sponsors: Brunel University London
  • Value: £14k
  • Dates: 2005-2006

Research Supervision

  • 2012-2015 - “Applying user-centred design to geographic data products”. PhD project, co-supervisor, Brunel University London
  • 2008-2012 - “Effect of physical and mental workload interactions on human attentional resources performance”. PhD project, main supervisor, Brunel University London
  • 2007-2012 - “The effects of display design on situation awareness for future train cab interface design”. PhD project, co-supervisor, Brunel University London
  • 2007-2012 - “Criteria for acceptable stick force gradients of a light aeroplane”. PhD project, co-supervisor, Brunel University London
  • 2008-2011 - “Designing for motivation”. MPhil project, main supervisor, Brunel University London
  • 2007-2011 - “The effects of individual differences on mobile phone users’ operational behaviour”. PhD project, main supervisor, Brunel University London
  • 2006-2011 - “New approaches for investigating aviation accident causation”. PhD project, main supervisor, Brunel University London

Activities

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Admin / Esteem

  • Co-editor of the journal Ergonomics
  • Chair of the PR & Communications committee for the Institute of Ergonomics & Human Factors, 2007-2011
  • Member of the Vehicle Design Working Party on the Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety (PACTS), 2006-2012
  • Awarded the Isambard Kingdom Brunel award lecture at the British Science Festival 2010
  • Brunel University London Heinz Wolff Fellow in Public Engagement, 2009-2011

Publications

Publications

Journal Papers

(2011) Combe, N., Harrison, D., Craig, S. and Young, MS., An investigation into usability and exclusivity issues of digital programmable thermostats, Journal of Engineering Design Download publication

(2011) Young, MS. and Bunce, D., Driving into the sunset: supporting cognitive functioning in older drivers, Journal of Aging Research 2011 918782- Download publication

(2011) Navarro, J., Mars, F. and Young, MS., Lateral control assistance in car driving: classification, review and future prospects, IET Intelligent Transport Systems 5 (3) : 207- 220

(2010) Young, MS., Book review on The human contribution: unsafe acts, accidents and heroic recoveries by J Reason, published in Farnham by Ashgate, Ergonomics 53 (4) : 586- 587

(2010) Young, MS., Book review on The multitasking myth: handling complexity in real-world operations by LD Loukopoulos, RK Dismukes and I Barshi published in Farnham, Surrey by Ashgate, Applied Cognitive Psychology 24 (7) : 1046- 1047

(2010) Young, MS., Human factors of visual and cognitive performance in driving, Ergonomics 53 (3) : 444- 445

(2010) Griffin, TG., Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Investigating accident causation through information network modelling, Ergonomics 53 (2) : 198- 210

(2009) Young, MS., Book review on Stories of modern technology failures and cognitive engineering successes by Nancy J Cooke and Frank Durso, published in Boca Raton, Florida by CRC Press, Ergonomics 52 (3) : 407- 408

(2009) Young, MS., Mahfoud, JM., Stanton, NA., Salmon, PM., Jenkins, DP. and Walker, GH., Conflicts of interest: the implications of roadside advertising for driver attention, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 12 (5) : 381- 388

(2009) Hoc, J-M., Young, MS. and Blosseville, J-M., Cooperation between drivers and automation: implications for safety, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 10 (2) : 135- 160

(2009) Young, MS., Kodak's Ergonomic Design for People at Work, 2nd edition, ERGONOMICS 52 (6) : 756- 757 Download publication

(2009) Salmon, PM., Stanton, NA., Walker, GH., Jenkins, D., Ladva, D., Rafferty, L. and Young, M., Measuring situation awareness in complex systems: comparison of measures study, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 39 (3) : 490- 500 Download publication

(2008) Jenkins, DP., Stanton, NA., Walker, GH., Salmon, PM. and Young, MS., Applying cognitive work analysis to the design of rapidly reconfigurable interfaces in complex networks, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 9 (4) : 273- 295 Download publication

(2008) Young, MS., Book review on The field guide to understanding human error by Sidney Dekker, published in Aldershot, Hampshire by Ashgate Publishing, Ergonomics 51 (7) : 1120- 1122

(2008) Young, MS., Book Review: Stories of modern technology failures and cognitive engineering successes, by Nancy J Cooke and Frank Durso, Ergonomics 51 (11) : 1793- 1794

(2008) Young, MS., Mahfoud, JM., Walker, GH., Jenkins, DP. and Stanton, NA., Crash dieting: the effects of eating and drinking on driving performance, Accident Analysis and Prevention 40 (1) : 142- 148 Download publication

(2008) Stanton, NA., Baber, C., Walker, GH., Houghton, RJ., McMaster, R., Stewart, R., Harris, D., Jenkins, D., Young, MS. and Salmon, PM., Development of a generic activities model of command and control, Cognition, Technology and Work 10 (3) : 209- 220 Download publication

(2008) Walker, GH., Stanton, NA. and Young, MS., Feedback and driver situation awareness (SA): a comparison of SA measures and contexts, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 11 (4) : 282- 299

(2007) Jenkins, DP., Stanton, NA., Walker, GH. and Young, MS., A new approach to designing lateral collision warning systems, International Journal of Vehicle Design 45 (3) : 379- 396 Download publication

(2007) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Back to the future: Brake reaction times for manual and automated vehicles, Ergonomics 50 (1) : 46- 58 Download publication

(2007) Young, MS., Book Review: The human factor: revolutionizing the way people live with technology by Kim Vincente, Ergonomics 50 (5) : 789- 790

(2007) Stanton, NA., Walker, GH., Young, MS., Kazi, T. and Salmon, PM., Changing drivers' minds: the evaluation of an advanced driver coaching system, Ergonomics 50 (8) : 1209- 1234 Download publication

(2007) Kazi, TA., Stanton, NA., Walker, GH. and Young, MS., Designer driving: drivers' conceptual models and level of trust in adaptive cruise control, International Journal of Vehicle Design 45 (3) : 339- 360 Download publication

(2007) Young, MS., Stanton, NA. and Harris, D., Driving automation: learning from aviation about design philosophies, International Journal of Vehicle Design 45 (3) : 323- 338 Download publication

(2007) Walker, GH., Stanton, NA. and Young, MS., Easy rider meets knight rider: an on-road exploratory study of situation awareness in car drivers and motorcyclists, International Journal of Vehicle Design 45 (3) : 307- 322

(2007) Young, MS., Mahfoud, JM., Stanton, NA., Walker, GH., Salmon, PM. and Jenkins, DP., Eyes front! Are roadside billboards bad for driver attention?, Traffic Engineering and Control 48 (8) : 365- 367

(2006) Gibson, WH., Megaw, ED., Young, MS. and Lowe, E., A taxonomy of human communication errors and application to railway track maintenance, Cognition, Technology and Work 8 (1) : 57- 66

(2006) Walker, GH., Stanton, NA., Gibson, H., Baber, C., Young, MS. and Green, D., Analyzing the role of communications technology in C4i scenarios: A distributed cognition approach, Journal of Intelligent Systems 15 (1-4) : 299- 327

(2006) Stanton, NA. and Young, MS., Automatic intelligent cruise control, Journal of Intelligent Systems 15 357- 387 Download publication

(2006) Young, MS., Book Review: Traffic safety by Leonard Evans, Ergonomics 49 (9) : 909- 910

(2006) Stanton, NA., Stewart, R., Harris, D., Houghton, RJ., Baber, C., McMaster, R., Salmon, P., Hoyle, G., Walker, G., Young, MS., Linsell, M., Dymott, R. and Green, D., Distributed situation awareness in dynamic systems: theoretical development and application of an ergonomics methodology, Ergonomics 49 (12-13) : 1288- 1311 Download publication

(2006) Young, MS., Stanton, NA. and Walker, GH., In loco intellegentia: human factors for the future European train driver, International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering 1 (4) : 485- 501 Download publication

(2005) Stanton, NA., Walker, GH., Green, D., Gulliver, S., Jenkins, D., Young, MS., Watts, S., Baber, C., Cross, J., Houghton, R., McMaster, R. and Gibson, H., A reconfigurable C4 testbed for experimental studies into network enabled capability, IET Seminar Digest 2005 (11078) : 135- 143

(2005) Walker, GH., Stanton, NA., Wells, L., Gibson, H., Baber, C., Young, MS., Green, D., Gulliver, S. and Jenkins, D., Analysing network enabled capability in civilian work domains: A case study from air traffic control, IET Seminar Digest 2005 (11078) : 101- 108

(2005) Stanton, NA. and Young, MS., Driver behaviour with adaptive cruise control, Ergonomics 48 (10) : 1294- 1313 Download publication

(2003) Stanton, NA. and Young, MS., Giving ergonomics away? The application of ergonomics methods by novices, Applied Ergonomics 34 (5) : 479- 490 Download publication

(2002) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Attention and automation: new perspectives on mental underload and performance, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 3 (2) : 178- 194 Download publication

(2002) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., It's all relative: defining mental workload in the light of Annett's paper, Ergonomics 45 (14) : 1018- 1020 Download publication

(2002) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Malleable attentional resources theory: a new explanation for the effects of mental underload on performance, Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 44 (3) : 365- 375 Download publication

(2000) Stanton, NA. and Young, MS., A proposed psychological model of driving automation, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 1 (4) : 315- 331 Download publication

(2000) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Journey's end: Will vehicle automation make skilled drivers redundant?, Proceedings of the XIVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and 44th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Association, 'Ergonomics for the New Millennium' 89- 92

(1998) Stanton, N. and Young, M., Is utility in the mind of the beholder? A study of ergonomics methods, Applied Ergonomics 29 (1) : 41- 54 Download publication

(1997) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Automotive automation: Investigating the impact on drivers’ mental workload, International Journal of Cognitive Ergonomics 1 (4) : 325- 336 Download publication

(1997) Memon, A. and Young, M., Desperately seeking evidence: The recovered memory debate, Legal and Criminological Psychology 2 (2) : 131- 154

(1997) Stanton, NA., Young, M. and McCaulder, B., Drive-by-wire: The case of driver workload and reclaiming control with adaptive cruise control, Safety Science 27 (2-3) : 149- 159

Conference Papers

(2010) Basahel, AM., Young, MS. and Ajovalasit, M., Effects of interaction between physical and mental workload on human performance, Annual Conference of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors, Contemporary Ergonomics and Human Factors, 2010 598- 601

(2009) Hsieh, HC., Holland, R. and Young, M., A theoretical model for cross-cultural web design, 1st International Conference on Human Centered Design (HCD 2009)

(2007) Griffin, TGC., Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., A complex network approach to aviation accident analysis, Annual Meeting of the Ergonomics-Society, CONTEMPORARY ERGONOMICS 2007 67- 72 Download publication

(2010) Birrell, SA., Young, MS. and Weldon, AM., DELIVERING SMART DRIVING FEEDBACK THROUGH A HAPTIC PEDAL, Annual Conference of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors, CONTEMPORARY ERGONOMICS AND HUMAN FACTORS 2010 431- 439 Download publication

(1997) Stanton, NA. and Young, M., Driven to distraction? Driving with automation, Autotech Congress - Automotive Environmental Impact and Safety, AUTOMOTIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND SAFETY - AUTOTECH '97 (97) : 77- 86 Download publication

(2010) Young, MS., Bisset, FJ., Grant, L., Williams, B., Sell, R. and Haslam, RA., HOW ERGONOMICS MAKES THINGS BETTER: LESSONS FROM AND FOR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT, Annual Conference of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors, CONTEMPORARY ERGONOMICS AND HUMAN FACTORS 2010 485- 493 Download publication

(2010) Basahel, AM., Young, MS. and Ajovalasit, M., Impacts of physical and mental workload interaction on human attentional resources performance, , ECCE 2010 - European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics 2010: The 28th Annual Conference of the European Association of Cognitive Ergonomics 215- 217

Book Chapters

(2009) Young, MS., Birrell, SA. and Stanton, NA., Design for smart driving: a tale of two interfaces. In: Harris, D. ed. Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Berlin/Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag (5639/2009) : 477- 485

(2007) Aujla, A., Stanton, NA., Jenkins, DP., Salmon, PM., Walker, GH. and Young, MS., Designing human computer interfaces for command and control environments. In: Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Berlin/Heidelberg : Springer (4562) : 3- 9

(2007) Young, MS., Stanton, NA., Walker, GH., Jenkins, DP. and Salmon, PM., Mental workload in command and control teams: Musings on the outputs of EAST and WESTT. In: Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Berlin/Heidelberg : Springer (4562) : 455- 464

(2005) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Applying interviews to usability assessment. In: Stanton, NA., Hedge, A., Brookhuis, K., Salas, E. and Hendrick, HW. eds. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods. Taylor & Francis

(2005) Young, M. and Jenkinson, J., Human factors issues raised by the proposed introduction of GSM radio telecommunications into the UK rail environment. In: Wilson, JR. ed. Rail human factors. -

(2005) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Mental workload. In: Stanton, NA., Hedge, A., Brookhuis, K., Salas, E. and Hendrick, HW. eds. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods. Taylor & Francis

(2001) Young, MS. and Stanton, NA., Mental workload: theory, measurement, and application. In: Karwowski, W. ed. International encyclopedia of ergonomics and human factors. Taylor & Francis (1) : 507- 509

(1997) Stanton, N. and Young, M., Ergonomics methods in consumer product design and evaluation. In: Stanton, N. ed. Human factors in consumer products. CRC Press -

Books

(1999) Stanton, NA. and Young, MS., A guide to methodology in ergonomics: designing for human use. Taylor and Francis

Page last updated: Wednesday 27 August 2014