Prof David Harrison
Professor of Design Research / Theme Leader for Sustainable Manufacturing
David Harrison has a BSc in Engineering Science and a PhD in Robotics. He worked for six years at the BBC as an engineer, researcher, director and assistant producer, working mainly on the BBC Computer Literacy Project. He lectured in robotics for five years at the University of Portsmouth. In 1992 he held a Royal Society Fellowship in the Parliamentary Office and Science and Technology. He joined Brunel University London as a lecturer in design in 1994.
- BBC TV 1980-82 Engineer
- BBC Education 1984-89 Researcher and Director
- University of Portsmouth 1990-94 Senior Lecturer
- Brunel University London 1994-2002 Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Reader
- Brunel University London 2002- Chair in Design
- Brunel University London 2005, 2008 Subject Leader, Design
Research and Teaching
David Harrison holds a Chair in Design in the School of Engineering and Design. He is a Chartered Engineer and has been an investigator on nineteen EPSRC grants, eight of these as principal investigator. (http://gow.epsrc.ac.uk/NGBOViewPerson.aspx?PersonId=38911). He has research interests in sustainable design and printed electronics, and is a Member of the IET, and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.
He has worked for fifteen years on innovative approaches to electronic manufacturing, and working closely with Dr Peter Evans, he has developed, patented and successfully licensed a number of new manufacturing processes in printed electronics, yielding approximately £300,000 of license income for Brunel. He is a co investigator with the EPSRC Innovative Electronics Manufacturing Research Centre, with particular interests in reducing the environmental impact of electronics manufacturing. He served on the EPSRC/DTI Sustainable Technologies Initiative panel for three years, and was a Member of the EPSRC College of Peers for fourteen years.
David Harrison founded the Cleaner Electronics research group in 1994. Their work on renewable energy has included projects on the design of daylight capture systems, regenerative energy storage systems based on hydrogen fuel cells, and the design of low cost thermoelectric devices. The group has also carried out many research projects in environmentally sensitive design, including the first ecological footprinting of electronic products, and the development of a method for calculating the optimal ecological lifetimes for products, based on analysis of build energy and energy consumption. David Harrison was also a co investigator on two EPSRC projects on the Active Disassembly of products for recycling. He led the second phase of a large Framework 5 project on Active Disassembly, in close partnership with Sony and Nokia, and was a partner on “Paperworks”, a Framework 6 project integrating the digital world with paper.
One current project is the EPSRC/TSB Empower project, being carried out with More Associates and Warwick Manufacturing Group, which has the aim to integrate creative, empathic user-centred design techniques with genuinely novel product design innovation, to reduce energy use in commercial buildings. This has developed out of a PhD project in which Daniel Lockton developed the “Design with Intent” method, a suggestion tool offering guidance to designers in choosing design techniques to encourage more sustainable behaviour.
Two current EngD projects with Buro Happold Consulting Engineers are:
Lifecycle impacts of novel retrofit technologies incorporating translucent silica aerogel – with Mark Dowson. The aim is to design, build and characterise a new retrofitable building product which reduces the energy use of buildings.
The influence of user interface design on energy consumption in UK residential buildings –with Nicola Combe. A project investigating tools and methods to support sustainable and inclusive aspects of building design.
- 1989-92 Co-investigator , SERC grant, "New Techniques in the control of advanced production machinery" £120,000.
- 1992-94 Co-investigator , SERC grant, "A Process Model for Project Management" £150,000.
- 1992 Principal Investigator ,travel grant. SERC £4,920.
- 1994 Academic Contact , EU, "Teleman Projects" 20,00 ECU.
- 1994 Co-investigator , EPSRC grant “A Framework for Simulation of Concurrent Engineering”, £200,000.
- 1995 Principal Investigator , “Novel Techniques in the Manufacture of Electronic Products”. Brunel University London Enterprise Fund, £10,000.
- 1995-97 Principal Investigator , EPSRC grant, “A novel circuit fabrication process" £70,000.
- 1996-97 Co-invest., EPSRC "Eco design for disassembly" £35,000.
- 1997 Principal Investigator , Brunel Research Committee QR Grant, “Circuit fabrication using Conductive Lithographic Films”, £17,500.
- 1997-99 Principal Investigator , EPSRC grant, “Low Cost circuit fabrication using conductive lithographic films” £210,000.
- 1998-99 Principal Investigator, EPSRC grant, “Vias and embedded resistor formation in low cost substrates” £10,000.
- 1998-00 Principal Investigator, EPSRC grant, “An initial investigation into low cost assembly and packaging of polymer light emitting displays" £86,000.
- 1998-00 Principal Investigator, EPSRC grant “Frameworks for the Management of Step-Change Environmental Design” £120,000.
- 1998-01 Co Investigator, EPSRC grant, “Lithographic construction of multi layer devices and circuits using powder filled inks” £100,000
- 1998-00 Co Investigator, EPSRC grant “Design principles for active disassembly” £85,000.
- 2000-04 Academic Contact , EU Fifth Framework grant, "Active Disassembly with Smart Materials" (PI for last year of contract ). £1.6 million
- 2001-02 Principal Investigator, EPSRC grant , "Lithographic printing of sensor structures" £60,000
- 2001-04 Co Investigator, EPSRC, "Prototyping Futures Research Institute" £75,000
- 2002-03 Principal Investigator, Nokia , “Printed Circuits ” £20,000
- 2002-03 P. Inv., Anson Fund, “Designing out Medical Error” £14,000
- 2002-03 P. Inv., Prime Faraday/DTI, “Printed Vias for Circuits” £5000
- 2003-05 C.Inv, EPSRC, “Thermoelectric structures” £120,000
- 2004-09 C.Inv, EPSRC, Electronics Manufacturing Research Centre, £5M
- 2005-09 P.Inv. EPSRC IEMRC Travel grant, £10,000
- 2005-06 C.Inv, EPSRC, IEMRC, “Thermocouple fabrication”, £30,000
- 2005-06 C.Inv, EPSRC, IEMRC, “Printed Batteries”, £52,000
- 2005-08 P.Inv., EU STREP “Paperworks”, £140,000
- 2005 P.Inv., DTI “Active Disassembly”, (offered by DTI, but withdrawn following failure of industrialists to sign contract) £120,000
- 2007 P.Inv. Design for Disassembly (DTI Feasibility study, follows on from above) £4,000
- 2006-08 P.Inv., EPSRC, “DNA traps on Cartridges” £134,000
- 2006-07 C.Inv., EPSRC, IEMRC, “Microcontact Printing”, £52,000
- 2006-08 C Inv, EPSRC, IEMRC, “Integrated lithographically printed electronics”£100,000
- 2006-07 C Inv. EPSRC, IEMRC, “Vacuum deposition and laser patterning of thin films” £30,000
- 2007-10 EPSRC DTA from 3DMintegration Grand Challenge project, £45,000
HEIF and Commerical Funding
- 2003 Universities Challenge Fund for company start up £150,000
- 2004 DTI SMART AWARD £75,000
- 2004 HEIF2, Design and Manufacture network £60,000
- 2005 HEIF2, Design and Manufacture network £60,000
- 2006 HEIF3 Display Prototypes £54,000
David Harrison teaches the Sustainable Design module on the MSc in Integrated Product Design, and a third year undergraduate module called Environmentally Sensitive Design.
Selected Professional Activities
- NESTA National Invention Strategy Panel (“03)
- DTI/EPSRC/DEFRA Sustainable Technology Initiative Panel (“01-“04)
- EPSRC Sustainable Materials Panel (“04)
- EPSRC/ AHRB “Designing for C21 Century” advisory group (“04)
- Chair of EPSRC Speculative Engineering Panel (“04)
- Waste Minimisation Faraday Advisory Panel (“04)
- Member, EPSRC Public Engagement with Science panel (“05)
- Advisory Panel, Science Museum, “Dead Ringers” exhibition (“06)
- EPSRC/AHRC “Designing for C21 Century” panel (“06)
- Innovative Electronics Manufacturing Research Centre, Management Executive and Funding Panel (“05-)
- EPSRC/AHRC “Science and Heritage” appointment panel for National Research Programme Coordinator (“07)
- Refereeing for EPSRC College, IEEE Sensors, and Electronics Letters
- International Scientific Committee, 13th CIRP Conf. On Lifecycle Engineering (“06,”07)
Other Educational Output
- Contributions to 25 hours of broadcast TV programmes on Information Technology and Computers
- Interactive Videodisc, Robotics, written for the BBC Interactive Video Unit and the D.T.I., 1989.
- Active Disassembly display, selected for display at the opening of the Welcome Wing, Science Museum.
Licensed and Granted Patents
Electrical Circuit, PCT/GB97/01572- Dec 1997
Harrison, D., Ramsey, B., Evans, P.
(Three option agreements taken out on this patent for approx. £25,000. Patent assigned, Dec. 2000 for £175, 000)
Granted US Patent, Electrical Circuit, US 6,356,234 B1, March 12th 2002
(Patent assigned March 2007 for 50,000 euros)
Lithographically printed seeding layer, PCT/GB99/04064 - Dec 1999
Ramsey, B, Lochun ,D., Harrison, D., (Patent assigned, March 2000, for £50,000).
(Granted Chinese Patent, 2006).
Metal Oxide Ink
(Patent Assigned June 2004 for £60,000)
(Forthcoming) Evans, P., Young, RJH., Southee, DJ., Hay, GI. and Harrison, DJ., Etch-resist properties of thiols in micro-contact printing, Circuit World (forthcoming)
(Forthcoming) Evans, P., Pelegrini, A. and Harrison, DJ., Prismatic solar collectors for core-daylighting in buildings, Journal of Renewable Energy Forthcoming
(2011) Plant, AVC., Harrison, DJ., Griffiths, BJ. and De Coster, R., Design for life (and beyond), Journal of the Institution of Engineering Designers March/April 2011 16- 21 Download publication
(2010) Plant, AVC., Harrison, DJ. and Griffiths, BJ., Raising the standard, Journal of the Institution of Engineering Designers Nov-Dec 2010 14- 19 Download publication
(2010) Xu, Y., Harrison, DJ., Hay, G., Hopwood, AJ., Gashi, B., Edwards, MR., Courtney, L. and Sermon, PA., Design and manufacture of surface textures on gun cartridge cases to trap DNA material, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture 224 (8) : 1229- 1238
(2010) Gashi, B., Edwards, MR., Sermon, PA., Courtney, L., Xu, Y. and Harrison, DJ., Measurement of 9mm cartridge case external temperatures and its forensic application, Forensic Science International 200 (1-3) : 21- 27
(2010) Lockton, D., Harrison, D. and Stanton, NA., The Design with Intent Method: a design tool for influencing user behaviour, Applied Ergonomics 41 (3) : 382- 392 Download publication
(2010) Plant, AVC., Harrison, DJ., Griffiths, BJ. and Lam, B., Design standards for product end-of-life processing, International Journal of Sustainable Engineering 3 (3) : 159- 169 Download publication
(2009) Hay, GI., Southee, DJ., Evans, PSA., Harrison, DJ., Simpson, GB. and Wood, J., A time-strain monitoring system fabricated via offset lithographic printing, Smart Materials and Structures 18 (1) : 015015 Download publication
(2008) Lazarevic, L., Harrison, DJ., Southee, D., Wade, M. and Osmond, J., Wind farm and fauna interaction: detecting bird and bat wing beats through cyclic motion analysis, International Journal of Sustainable Engineering 1 (1) : 60- 68
(2008) Craig, S., Harrison, DJ., Cripps, A. and Knott, D., BioTRIZ suggests radiative cooling of buildings can be done passively by changing the structure of roof insulation to let longwave infrared pass, Journal of Bionic Engineering 5 (1) : 55- 66
(2008) Ramsey, BJ., Harrison, DJ. and Southee, DJ., Characterisation of the lithographic printing of conducting films, Journal of Graphic Technology 4 (1) : 25- 34 Download publication
(2008) Sanders, DA., Liu, H. and Harrison, DJ., Distributed user interfaces for ambient intelligent environments, Journal of Intelligent Mobility 11 (3) : 158- 167
(2008) Young, RJH., Evans, PSA., Hay, GI., Southee, DJ. and Harrison, DJ., Electroluminescent light sources via soft lithography, Circuit World 34 (3) : 9- 12 Download publication
(2008) Sanders, DA., Liu, H., Harrison, DJ. and Gegov, A., Energy efficiency based on ambient intelligence, Journal of Computing in Systems and Engineering 9 (1) : 114- 120
(2008) Southee, DJ., Hay, GI., Evans, PS. and Harrison, DJ., Flexible dot-matrix display manufacture by offset lithography, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture 222 (8) : 943- 948
(2008) Lockton, D., Harrison, DJ. and Stanton, N., Making the user more efficient: design for sustainable behaviour, International Journal of Sustainable Engineering 1 (1) : 3- 8 Download publication
(2007) Hay, GI., Southee, DJ., Evans, PSA., Harrison, DJ., Simpson, G. and Ramsey, BJ., Examination of silver-graphite lithographically printed resistive strain sensors, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 135 (2) : 534- 546 Download publication
(2007) Southee, D., Hay, GI., Evans, PSA. and Harrison, DJ., Lithographically printed voltaic cells - a feasibility study, Circuit World 33 (1) : 31- 35 Download publication
(2006) Pettersson, J., Ramsey, BJ. and Harrison, D., A review of the latest developments in electrodes for unitised regenerative polymer electrolyte fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources 157 (1) : 28- 34 Download publication
(2006) Ariyatum, B., Holland, R. and Harrison, DJ., Optimizing multidisciplinary contributions for the smart clothing development process, The Design Journal 9 (1) : 23- 36 Download publication
(2006) Frey, SD., Harrison, DJ. and Billett, EH., Ecological footprint analysis applied to mobile phones, Journal of Industrial Ecology 10 (1-2) : 199- 216
(2006) Pettersson, J., Ramsey, B. and Harrison, DJ., Fabrication of bifunctional membrane electrode assemblies for unitised regenerative polymer electrolyte fuel cells, Electronic Letters 42 (25) : 1444- 1446 Download publication
(2006) Duby, S., Ramsey, B. and Harrison, D., Low-cost patterning of thin film, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture 220 (9) : 1555- 1558 Download publication
(2005) Ariyatum, B., Holland, R., Harrison, D. and Kazi, T., The future design direction of smart clothing development, Journal of the Textile Institute 96 (4) : 199- 210 Download publication
(2005) Hay, GI., Evans, PSA., Harrison, DJ., Southee, D., Simpson, G. and Harrey, PM., Characterization of lithographically printed resistive strain gauges, IEEE Sensors Journal 5 (5) : 864- 871 Download publication
(2005) Duby, S., Ramsey, B. and Harrison, DJ., Printed thick-film thermocouple sensors, Electronics Letters 41 (6) : 312- 314 Download publication
(2004) Davis, G., Read, A., Bulson, H., Harrison, D. and Billett, E., Open windrow composting of polymers: An investigation into the rate of degradation of polyethylene, Resource Conservation and Recycling 40 (4) : 343- 357 Download publication
(2003) Chalkley, AM., Billett, E., Harrison, D. and Simpson, G., Development of a method for calculating the environmentally optimum lifespan of electrical household products, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture 217 (11) : 1521- 1531
(2003) Davis, G., Bulson, H., Harrison, D. and Billett, E., The performance of degradable polymer bags, Macromolecular Symposia 197 (1) : 265- 276 Download publication
(2002) Harrey, PM., Ramsey, BJ., Evans, PSA. and Harrison, DJ., Capacitive-type humidity sensors fabricated using the offset lithographic printing process, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 87 (2) : 226- 232
(2002) Chalkley, AM., Billett, E. and Harrison, D., An investigation of the possible extent of the re-spending rebound effect in the sphere of consumer products, The Journal of Sustainable Product Design 1 (3) : 163- 170 Download publication
(2002) Leyland, NS., Evans, JRG. and Harrison, DJ., Lithographic printing of ceramics, Journal of the European Ceramic Society 22 (1) : 1- 13
(2002) Leyland, NS., Evans, JRG. and Harrison, DJ., Lithographic printing of force-sensitive resistors, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 13 (7) : 387- 390
(2010) Plant, AVC., Harrison, DJ., Griffiths, BJ. and De Coster, R., Design for manufacture and sustainability in new product development, 15th Cambridge International Manufacturing Symposium: Innovation in global manufacturing - New models for sustainable value capture Download publication
(2010) Lockton, D., Harrison, DJ. and Stanton, NA., Concept generation for persuasive design, PERSUASIVE 2010, 5th Intenational Conference on Persuasive Technology, Series A Research Papers (A44) Download publication
(2009) Plant, AVC., Harrison, DJ., Griffiths, BJ. and Lam, B., An investigation into standards in sustainable design and manufacture, Sustainable Innovation 2009
(2009) Plant, AVC., Harrison, DJ., Griffiths, B. and Lam, B., An investigation into standards in sustainable design and manufacture, 14th International Conference, Sustainable Innovation 09: Towards a Low Carbon Innovation Revolution Download publication
(2009) Lockton, D., Harrison, DJ. and Stanton, NA., Design for sustainable behaviour: investigating design methods for influencing user behaviour, 14th International Conference, Sustainable Innovation 09: Towards a Low Carbon Innovation Revolution Download publication
(2009) Lockton, D., Harrison, D. and Stanton, NA., Choice architecture and design with intent, 9th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making Download publication
(2009) Lockton, D., Harrison, D., Holley, T. and Stanton, NA., Influencing interaction: development of the design with intent method, 4th International Conference on Persuasive Technology, Persuasive '09 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Persuasive Technology Download publication
(2007) Jenkins, K., Wood, J., Southee, D., Harrison, D. and Stanton, N., Augmented paper applications: Initial user tests of a wireless pattern reader, 2nd International Workshop on Collaborating over Paper and Digital Documents Download publication
(2007) Silver, J., Withnall, R., Fern, GR., Marsh, PJ., Ireland, TG., Harris, PG., PSA, E., Southee, DJ., Hay, G., Harrison, DJ. and KFB, B., The fabrication of miniaturized electrode circuitry by offset lithographic printing for novel electroluminescent displays, Asia Display 2007 International Conference (AD'07)
(2006) Southee, D., Hay, GI., Evans, PSA. and Harrison, DJ., Development and characterisation of lithographically printed voltaic cells, 1st Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference (ESTC 2006) Download publication
(2006) Withnall, R., Silver, J., Fern, GR., Marsh, PJ., Evans, TG., Evans, PSA., Southee, DJ., Hay, GI., Harrison, DJ. and Breen, KFB., Fabrication of miniaturised electrode circuitry by conductive lithographic film printing for novel electroluminescent displays, 13th International Workshop on Inorganic and Organic Electroluminescence & 2006 International Conference on Science and Technology of Emissive Displays and Lighting
(2006) Withnall, R., Silver, J., Fern, GR., Marsh, PJ., Ireland, T., Evans, PSA., Southee, DJ., Hay, GI., Harrison, DJ. and Breen, KFB., Low cost, flexible electroluminescent displays with a novel electrode architecture printed by offset lithography, SID International Symposium 2006 Download publication
(2004) Duby, S., Ramsey, B., Harrison, D. and Hay, G., Printed thermocouple devices, IEEE Sensors 2004 Conference Download publication
(2003) Hay, GI., Evans, PSA., Harrison, DJ., Southee, D., Simpson, G. and Harrey, PM., Conductive lithographic film fabricated resistive strain gauges, 2nd IEEE International Conference on Sensors Download publication
(2008) Southee, D., Hay, G., Evans, P. and Harrison, D., Lithographically Printed Integrated Electronics, IDTechEx - Photovoltaics: beyond silicon, USA 2008
(2004) Ariyatum, B., Holland, R. and Harrison, DK., Benefits and challenges of collaboration in Smart Clothing development, 8th International Design Conference (DESIGN 2004)
(2008) Lockton, D., Harrison, DJ. and Stanton, N., Design with intent: persuasive technology in a wider context. In: Oinas-Kukkonen, H., Hasle, P., Harjumaa, M., Segerståhl, K. and Øhrstrøm, P. eds. Persuasive Technology. Berlin/Heidelberg : Springer 274- 278 Download publication
(2005) Kazi, TA., Stanton, NA., Young, MS. and Harrison, DA., Assessing drivers' level of trust in adaptive cruise control systems design. In: Dorn, L. ed. Driver behaviour and training. Ashgate Publishing (2) : -
(2004) Hussein, H. and Harrison, D., Investigation into the use of engineering polymers as actuators to produce “automatic disassembly” of electronic products. In: Bhamra, T. and Hon, B. eds. Design and manufacture for sustainable development 2004. Towbridge, Wiltshire, UK : The Cromwell Press 35- 50 Download publication
(2009) Lockton, D., Harrison, DJ. and Stanton, NA., Design for behaviour change: The design with intent toolkit v.0.9. Brunel University Press
(2008) Cheng, K., Makatsoris, H. and Harrison, D., Advances in manufacturing technology – XXII, volumes 1 and 2. Brunel University