Steve Hanney



Emeritus Professor

Room: Mary Seacole Building 111


Tel: +44 (0)1895 265444

Steve Hanney has a PhD from the Department of Government at Brunel University. He has spent over 25 years researching a range of topics including: assessing the payback or benefits from health research; the use of research in decision-making; the organisation of health research systems; policymaking for higher education and research systems; measurement of performance or quality in public services - especially higher education and research systems.

With Professor Martin Buxton he developed the HERG Payback Framework which they, and others, have applied to assess the impact of a range of health research programmes in the UK funded by the public sector and by medical research charities. Steve’s work on assessing the impact of health research is taking on an increasingly international dimension and he has collaborated on, or advised, studies applying the Payback Framework to health research in many countries, including: Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, Hong Kong, Ireland, Spain, the Netherlands, and USA.

He has been a consultant to the World Health Organization on several occasions, most recently in relation to preparation for the World Health Report 2013 on the role of health research in improving health. He co-edits the journal Health Research Policy and Systems.


Research interests

Assessing payback or impacts from health R&D; the use of research to inform policymaking; the organisation and evaluation of health research systems.

Special Research Institute(s)

Selected Publications

Journal articles

Hanney, S. , Greenhalgh, T. , Blatch-Jones, A. , Glover, M.  and Raftery, J.   (2017)   'The impact on healthcare, policy and practice from 36 multi-project research programmes: findings from two reviews.'. Health research policy and systems, 15 (1).  pp. 26 - 26. doi: 10.1186/s12961-017-0191-y Download publication 

Hanney, SR.  and González-Block, MA.   (2016)   'Building health research systems: WHO is generating global perspectives, and who’s celebrating national successes?'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 14 (1).  doi: 10.1186/s12961-016-0160-x Download publication 

Raftery, J. , Hanney, S. , Greenhalgh, T. , Glover, M.  and Blatch-Jones, A.   (2016)   'Models and applications for measuring the impact of health research: Update of a systematic review for the health technology assessment programme'. Health Technology Assessment, 20 (76).  doi: 10.3310/hta20760 Download publication 

Greenhalgh, T. , Raftery, J. , Hanney, S.  and Glover, M.   (2016)   'Research impact: a narrative review'. BMC Medicine, 14 (1).  doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0620-8 Download publication 

Jones, TH.  and Hanney, S.   (2016)   'Tracing the indirect societal impacts of biomedical research: development and piloting of a technique based on citations'. Scientometrics: an international journal for all quantitative aspects of the science of science, communication in science and science policy. doi: 10.1007/s11192-016-1895-4 Download publication 

Hanney, S. , Soper, B. , Jones, TH.  and Boaz, A.   (2015)   'Benefits from clinicians and healthcare organisations engaging in research'. BMJ. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h6931 Download publication 

Boaz, A. , Hanney, S. , Jones, TH.  and Soper, B.   (2015)   'Does the engagement of clinicians and organisations in research improve healthcare performance: a three-stage review'. BMJ OpenDownload publication 

Hanney, SR.  and Gonzalez-Block, MA.   (2015)   'Health research improves healthcare: now we have the evidence and the chance to help the WHO spread such benefits globally'. HEALTH RESEARCH POLICY AND SYSTEMS, 13 pp. . doi: 10.1186/s12961-015-0006-y Download publication 

Hanney, SR. , Castle-Clarke, S. , Grant, J. , Guthrie, S. , et al.   (2015)   'How long does biomedical research take? Studying the time taken between biomedical and health research and its translation into products, policy and practice'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 13 (1).  doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-13-1 Download publication 

Glover, M. , Buxton, M. , Guthrie, S. , Hanney, S. , et al.   (2014)   'Estimating the returns to UK publicly funded cancer-related research in terms of the net value of improved health outcomes'. BMC Medicine, 12 doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-12-99 Download publication 

Hanney, SR.  and González-Block, MA.   (2014)   'Four centuries on from Bacon: Progress in building health research systems to improve health systems?'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 12 (1).  doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-12-56 Download publication 

Wooding, S. , Hanney, SR. , Pollitt, A. , Grant, J.  and Buxton, MJ.   (2014)   'Understanding factors associated with the translation of cardiovascular research: A multinational case study approach'. Implementation Science, 9 (1).  doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-9-47 Download publication 

Donovan, C. , Butler, L. , Butt, AJ. , Jones, TH.  and Hanney, SR.   (2014)   'Evaluation of the impact of National Breast Cancer Foundation-funded research'. Medical Journal of Australia, 200 (4).  pp. 214 - 218. doi: 10.5694/mja13.10798. Download publication 

Hanney, SR.  and González-Block, MA.   (2013)   'Editorial: Organising health research systems as a key to improving health: the World Health Report 2013 and how to make further progress'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 11 Download publication 

Hanney, S. , Boaz, A. , Jones, T.  and Soper, B.   (2013)   'Engagement in research: An innovative three stage review of the benefits for health-care performance'. Health Services and Delivery Research, 1 (8).  doi: 10.3310/hsdr01080 Download publication 

Soper, B. , Yaqub, O. , Hinrichs, S. , Marjanovich, S. , et al.   (2013)   'CLAHRCs in practice: Combined knowledge transfer and exchange strategies, cultural change, and experimentation'. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 18 (S3).  pp. 53 - 64. doi: 10.1177/1355819613499903 

Hanney, SR. , Watt, A. , Jones, TH.  and Metcalf, L.   (2013)   'Conducting retrospective impact analysis to inform a medical research charity’s funding strategies: The case of Asthma UK'. Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology, 9 (1).  doi: 10.1186/1710-1492-9-17 Download publication 

Jones, TH. , Donovan, C.  and Hanney, S.   (2012)   'Tracing the wider impacts of biomedical research: A literature search to develop a novel citation categorisation technique'. Scientometrics, 93 (1).  pp. 125 - 134. doi: 10.1007/s11192-012-0642-8 Download publication 

Donovan, C.  and Hanney, S.   (2011)   'The 'Payback Framework' explained'. Research Evaluation, 20 (3).  pp. 181 - 183. 

Hanney, SR.  and Gonzalez-Block, MA.   (2011)   'Yes, research can inform health policy; but can we bridge the 'Do-Knowing It's Been Done' gap?'. Health Research Policy and Systems. doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-9-23 Download publication 

Nason, E. , Curran, B. , Hanney, S. , Janta, B. , et al.   (2011)   'Evaluating health research funding in Ireland: Assessing the impacts of the health research board of Ireland's funding activities'. Research Evaluation, 20 (3).  pp. 193 - 200. doi: 10.3152/095820211X12941371876823 

Klautzer, L. , Hanney, S. , Nason, E. , Rubin, J. , et al.   (2011)   'Assessing policy and practice impacts of social science research: the application of the Payback Framework to assess the Future of Work programme'. RESEARCH EVALUATION, 20 (3).  pp. 201 - 209. doi: 10.3152/095820211X13118583635675 

Hanney, SR.  and González-Block, MA.   (2011)   'Yes, research can inform health policy; but can we bridge the 'Do-Knowing It's Been Done' gap?'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 9 doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-9-23 

Hanney, S.  and Griffiths, P.   (2011)   'Ways of assessing the economic value or impact of research: Is it a step too far for nursing research?'. Journal of Research in Nursing, 16 (2).  pp. 151 - 166. doi: 10.1177/1744987110393427 

Hanney, S. , Kuruvilla, S. , Soper, B.  and Mays, N.   (2010)   'Who needs what from a national health research system: Lessons from reforms to the English Department of Health's R&D system'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 8 pp. 1 - 23. doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-8-11 Download publication 

Scoble, R. , Dickson, KE. , Hanney, SR.  and Rodgers, GJ.   (2010)   'Institutional strategies for capturing socio-economic impact of academic research'. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 32 (5).  pp. 499 - 510. doi: 10.1080/1360080X.2010.511122 Download publication 

Hanney, SR.  and González-Block, MA.   (2009)   'Evidence-informed health policy: are we beginning to get there at last?'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 7 (30).  doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-7-30 Download publication 

Raftery, J. , Hanney, S. , Green, C.  and Buxton, M.   (2009)   'Assessing the impact of England's National Health Service R&D Health Technology Assessment program using the "payback" approach'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 25 (01).  pp. 1 - 5. doi: 10.1017/S0266462309090011 

Jones, TH. , Hanney, S.  and Buxton, MJ.   (2008)   'The role of the national general medical journal: Surveys of which journals UK clinicians read to inform their clinical practice'. Medicina Clínica, 131 (Supplement 5).  pp. 30 - 35. doi: 10.1016/S0025-7753(08)76404-2 

Hanney, S.  and González Block, MA.   (2008)   'Assessing the impact of research on health policy: Concepts and concrete cases'. Medicina Clinica, 131 (SUPPL. 5).  pp. 81 - 86. doi: 10.1016/S0025-7753(08)76412-1 

Milewa, T. , Buxton, M.  and Hanney, S.   (2008)   'Lay involvement in the public funding of medical research: expertise and counter-expertise in empirical and analytical perspective'. Critical Public Health, 18 (3).  pp. 357 - 366. 

Hanney, S.  and González Block, MA.   (2008)   '[Assessing the impact of research on health policy: concepts and concrete cases]'. Medicina Clínica, 131 (Suppl 5).  pp. 81 - 86. doi: 10.1016/S0025-7753(08)76412-1 

Hanney, SR.  and González Block, MA.   (2008)   'Editorial: Why national health research systems matter'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 6 doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-6-1 Download publication 

Oortwijn, WJ. , Hanney, SR. , Ligtvoet, A. , Hoorens, S. , et al.   (2008)   'Assessing the impact of health technology assessment in the Netherlands'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 24 (03).  pp. 259 - 269. doi: 10.1017/S0266462308080355 

Buxton, MJ.  and Hanney, S.   (2008)   'Developing and applying the Payback Framework to assess the socioeconomic impact of health research'. Medicina Clínica, 131 (Supplement 5).  pp. 36 - 41. doi: 10.1016/S0025-7753(08)76405-4 

Soper, B. , Buxton, M. , Hanney, S. , Oortwijn, W. , et al.   (2008)   'Developing the protocol for the evaluation of the health foundation's 'engaging with quality initiative' - an emergent approach'. Implementation Science, 3 doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-3-46 Download publication 

Hanney, S. , Buxton, M. , Green, C. , Coulson, D.  and Raftery, J.   (2007)   'An assessment of the impact of the NHS Health Technology Assessment Programme.'. Health technology assessment (Winchester, England), 11 (53).  

Hanney, S. , Buxton, M. , Green, C. , Coulson, D.  and Raftery, J.   (2007)   'An assessment of the impact of the NHS Health Technology Assessment Programme'. Health Technology Assessment, 11 (53).  pp. iii - 82. 

Soper, B.  and Hanney, SR.   (2007)   'Lessons from the evaluation of the UK's NHS R&D implementation methods programme'. Implement Science, 2 doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-2-7 Download publication 

Jones, TH. , Hanney, S.  and Buxton, MJ.   (2007)   'The information sources and journals consulted or read by UK paediatricians to inform their clinical practice and those which they consider important: A questionnaire survey'. BMC Pediatrics, 7 (1).  pp. 1 - 1. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-7-1 Download publication 

Hanney, SR.  and González Block, MA.   (2006)   'Building health research systems to achieve better health'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 4 doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-4-10 Download publication 

Hanney, S. , Home, PD. , Frame, I. , Grant, J. , et al.   (2006)   'Identifying the impact of diabetes research'. Diabetic Medicine, 23 (2).  pp. 176 - 184. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01753.x 

Jones, TH. , Hanney, S.  and Buxton, MJ.   (2006)   'The journals of importance to UK clinicians: A questionnaire survey of surgeons'. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 6 (24).  pp. 24 - 24. doi: 10.1186/1472-6947-6-24 Download publication 

Hanney, S.   (2006)   'The future of health research in the UK'. LANCET, 368 (9537).  pp. 728 - 729. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69277-5 

Moore, D. , Hogg, R. , Spiegel, J. , Hanney, SR. , et al.   (2005)   'Global IDEA [2] (multiple letters)'. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 172 (12).  pp. 1537 - 1539. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.1041727 

Jones, T. , Hanney, S. , Buxton, M.  and Rippon, I.   (2005)   'Journals used for the publication of English psychiatry, surgery and paediatrics research'. Aslib Proceedings:New Information Perspectives, 57 (3).  pp. 278 - 290. doi: 10.1108/00012530510599226 

Hanney, SR. , Mugford, M. , Grant, J.  and Buxton, M.   (2005)   'Assessing the benefits of health research: lessons from research into the use of antenatal corticosteroids for the prevention of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome'. Social Science & Medicine, 60 (5).  pp. 937 - 947. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.06.038 

Hanney, S. , Frame, I. , Grant, J. , Buxton, M. , et al.   (2005)   'Using categorisations of citations when assessing the outcomes from health research'. SCIENTOMETRICS, 65 (3).  pp. 357 - 379. doi: 10.1007/s11192-005-0279-y 

Hanney, SR.  and Buxton, MJ.   (2005)   'Global IDEA'. CMAJ, 172 (12).  pp. 1538. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.1041726 Download publication 

Wooding, S. , Hannay, S. , Buxton, M.  and Grant, J.   (2005)   'Payback arising from research funding: Evaluation of the Arthritis Research Campaign'. Rheumatology, 44 (9).  pp. 1145 - 1156. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keh708 Download publication 

Hanney, SR.   (2004)   'Personal interaction with researchers or detached synthesis of the evidence: modelling the health policy paradox'. Evaluation and Research in Education, 18 (1&2).  pp. 72 - 82. 

Mills, A. , Bennett, S. , Bloom, G. , Gonzalez-Block, G. , et al.   (2004)   'Getting research into policy and practice'. Strengthening health systems: the role and promise of policy and systems research. pp. 51 - 70. 

Hanney, SR. , Grant, J. , Wooding, S.  and Buxton, MJ.   (2004)   'Proposed methods for reviewing the outcomes of health research: The impact of funding by the UK's 'Arthritis Research Campaign''. Health Research Policy and Systems, 2 doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-2-4 Download publication 

Buxton, M. , Hanney, S.  and Jones, T.   (2004)   'Estimating the economic value to societies of the impact of health research: A critical review'. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 82 (10).  pp. 733 - 739. Download publication 

Morrison, LG. , Chong, YS. , O'Connor, JPB. , Kanga, DRJ. , et al.   (2004)   'Academic medicine: Time for reinvention [1] (multiple letters)'. British Medical Journal, 328 (7430).  pp. 45 - 49. 

Jones, T. , Hanney, S. , Buxton, M.  and Burns, T.   (2004)   'What British psychiatrists read: Questionnaire survey of journal usage among clinicians'. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185 (1).  pp. 251 - 257. doi: 10.1192/bjp.185.3.251 

Pang, T. , Sadana, R. , Hanney, S. , Bhutta, ZA. , et al.   (2003)   'Knowledge for better health – a conceptual framework and foundation for health research systems'. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 81 pp. 815 - 820. Download publication 

Hanney, SR. , Gonzalez-Block, MA. , Buxton, MJ.  and Kogan, M.   (2003)   'The utilisation of health research in policy-making: concepts, examples, and methods of assessment'. Health Research Policy and Systems, 1 doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-1-2 Download publication 

Croxson, B. , Hanney, S.  and Buxton, M.   (2001)   'Routine monitoring of performance: what makes health research and development different?'. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 6 (4).  pp. 226 - 232. 

Hanney, S. , Henkel, M.  and Laing, DV.   (2001)   'Making and implementing foresight policy to engage the academic community: Health and life scientists' involvement in, and response to, development of the UK's technology foresight programme'. Research Policy, 30 (8).  pp. 1203 - 1219. doi: 10.1016/S0048-7333(00)00145-1 

Buxton, M. , Hanney, S. , Packwood, T. , Roberts, S.  and Youll, P.   (2000)   'Assessing benefits from Department of Health and National Health Service Research & Development'. PUBLIC MONEY & MANAGEMENT, 20 (4).  pp. 29 - 34. doi: 10.1111/1467-9302.00233 

Hanney, S. , Davies, A.  and Buxton, M.   (1999)   'Assessing benefits from health research projects: Can we use questionnaires instead of case studies?'. Research Evaluation, 8 (3).  pp. 189 - 199. 

Buxton, M.  and Hanney, S.   (1998)   'Evaluating the NHS research and development programme: Will the programme give value for money?'. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 91 Suppl 35 pp. 2 - 6. Download publication 

Buxton, M.  and Hanney, S.   (1996)   'How Can Payback from Health Services Research Be Assessed?'. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 1 (1).  pp. 35 - 43. doi: 10.1177/135581969600100107 

Cave, M. , Copley, G.  and Hanney, S.   (1995)   'Setting quality standards in the public-sector - Some principles and an application'. PUBLIC MONEY & MANAGEMENT, 15 (1).  pp. 29 - 34. 

Cave, M. , Hanney, S.  and Henkel, M.   (1995)   'Performance-measurement in higher-education - revisited'. PUBLIC MONEY & MANAGEMENT, 15 (4).  pp. 17 - 23. 


Nason, E. , Janta, B. , Hastings, G. , Hanney, S. , et al.   (2008) Making an impact: the economic and social benefits of HRB-funded research.   

Buxton, M. , Hanney, S. , Morris, S. , Sundmacher, L. , et al.   (2008) Medical research: What’s it worth? - Estimating the economic benefits from medical research in the UK. London:  UK Evaluation Forum (for Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust) 

Nason, E. , Klautzer, L. , Rubin, J. , Hanney, SR. , et al.   (2007) Policy and practice impacts of research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council. A case study of the Future of Work programme, supporting data. Santa Monica, CA:  RAND Corporation 

Kogan, M. , Henkel, M.  and Hanney, S.   (2006) Government and research. Thirty Years of Evolution. Dordrecht, The Netherlands:  Springer 

Wooding, S. , Anton, S. , Grant, J. , Hanney, S. , et al.   (2004) The Returns from Arthritis Research - Volume 2: Case Studies.  RAND Corporation 

Wooding, S. , Hanney, S. , Buxton, M.  and Grant, J.   (2004) The Returns from Arthritis Research: Approach, analysis and recommendations.  RAND Corporation 

Kogan, M.  and Hanney, S.   (2000) Reforming higher education. London:  Jessica Kingsley Publisher 

Cave, M. , Hanney, S. , Henkel, M.  and Kogan, M.   (1997) The use of performance indicators in higher education. London:  Jessica Kingsley Publisher 


Ling, T. , Soper, B. , Watt, A. , Steel, N. , et al.   (2012)  Involving Primary Care Clinicians in Quality Improvement: An Independent evaluation of the Engaging withQuality in Primary Care programme.  Available at: 

Fox-Rushby, J. , Boehler, C. , Hanney, S. , Roberts, I. , et al.   (2008)  Prioritisation of prevention services: Determining the applicability of research from the US to the English context.  Place of publication: Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University Download publication 

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