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Research focus

We believe that 4D Printing will open new horizons for products and applications. 4D Printed parts offer actuation, without requiring external devices, power or electromechanical systems. This offers a more sustainable and compact product architecture; reduces assembly time by minimizing the need for motors, sensors or electronics during post-fabrication; and eliminates expensive components and failure-prone devices in mechanical electrical or robotic devices. To enable a greater uptake of 4D Printed parts, we conduct research in the following areas:

  • Computer-Aided-Design, Simulation and Interfaces for 4D Printing;
  • Functionally Graded Additive Manufacturing; Additive Manufacturing Processes for 4D Printing;
  • Mechanical Metamaterials; Programmable Materials and Stimuli-Responsive Materials for 4D Printing;
  • Mathematical Modelling; Predictive Computational Analysis for 4D Printing;
  • Artificial Intelligence; Generative Design for 4D Printing;
  • Applications and Products for 4D Printing.