Skip to Content
Exit Menu


The research explores natural human interaction within the context of autonomous (driverless) vehicles.

As machine intelligence is now reaching advanced states and passing Turing tests the psychological and social interactionbetween human and machine is now evolving from a (traditional) human-machine interaction (HMI) to a more natural(futuristic) human-human interaction, therefore, how will natural interaction differ and occur as autonomous vehicles becomemore human-like?

The research aims to develop a scale which can be used by designers or automotive manufacturers to define, capture or measure naturalistic interactions between a user and a human-like autonomous vehicle. Thus, ensuring that future driverless vehicle interactions are not only perceived as being more natural but the experience of naturalness is such that it will increase trust and usability of these driverless futuristic machines