GAP WORK: Improving gender-related violence intervention and referral through youth practitioner training
This 2013-2015 project tackled gender-related violence against (and by) children & young people by developing training for practitioners who have everyday contact with general populations of children and young people (such as teachers, youth workers, coaches etc.). The training improved practitioners’ confidence and ability to challenge sexist, sexualising, homophobic, normative or controlling language and behaviour, and to know when and how to refer children and young people to appropriate support services.
This 2013-2015 project tackled gender-related violence against (and by) children & young people by developing training for practitioners who have everyday contact with general populations of children and young people (such as teachers, youth workers, coaches etc.). The training improved practitioners’ confidence and ability to challenge sexist, sexualising, homophobic, normative or controlling language and behaviour, and to know when and how to refer children and young people to appropriate support services. This broad definition of gender-related violence problematized the violence of normativities, as well as material forms of violence, irrespective of who was targeted (Alldred 2016)
It bridged gaps between:
- services for adults and children
- victim-support services and everyday professional contact with children
- supporting those affected and intervening in peer cultures to challenge violence
- tackling domestic violence and abuse, and tackling homophobic behaviour and abuse.
- It involved partners in Italy, Ireland, Spain and the UK, who in each country:
- Trained 800 practitioners
- Enabled them to train their colleagues
- Produced leaflets on GRV for youth practitioners
- Reported on practitioner training and its evaluation.
Central to the project was the idea of enabling trainees to feel confident in sharing their learning with colleagues and of seeking to mainstream such training in future professional training. It therefore created training resources for practitioners to use with colleagues (free to download from the project website) and lead to the training of whole departments of practitioners in some London Boroughs, as well as the use with groups of young people directly. Both the training models and resources and an initial evaluation of their implementation during the course of the project are published in Report 3 which is available in the six partner languages.
The project ran until February 2015, organising an international conference in late 2014 held at the Amnesty International London Offices and the presentations are available – as well as expert and user responses to the project – on the project website.
The team of 18 partners was coordinated by Dr Pam Alldred, in the Centre for Youth Work Studies at Brunel University. More information is available from the Brunel website or by emailing (pam.alldred@Brunel.ac.uk).
Expert Advisory Panel
- Dr Gerard Coll-Planes, Universitat de Vic, Spain
- Michael Barron - Director, BeLonGTo, Ireland
- Jay Stewart - trainer and co-founder Gendered Intelligence
- Ros McNeil - Principal officer, gender, LGBT and disability equality, National Union of Teachers
- Rita Rupal - Domestic Violence Manager, London Borough of Hackney
- Vicky Trott - Equalities Officer, London Borough of Hillingdon
- Erica Rolle - Domestic Violence Strategic Coordinator and lead for VAWG, London Borough of Hillingdon
- Dr Roberto Kulpa - Eastern/Western European Sexualities Researcher
- Dr Tam Sanger - Researcher on transgender and relationship issues
- Professor Mike Watts - Education and the training of teachers, Brunel Department of Education
- Professor Christine Piper - Family and Child Law, Brunel Law School
- Dr Jane Ellis - VAWG in schools, educational interventions with young people and professional training, University of Worcester
- Dr Ester McGeeney - researcher in CIRCY, Sussex University, and sexual health advisor for Brook
- Dr Alison Phipps - researcher on gender cultures and sexual violence among students in Higher
- Education, NUS Hidden Marks, Sussex University
- Dr Claire Maxwell - researcher on Violence Against Women and Girls and girls' agency in schools, Institute of Education, University of London
- Dr Sevasti-Melissa Nolas - Young people's participation in mental health and domestic violence services, Department of Social Work, University of Sussex
- Dr Simon Bradford - Youth work practitioner training and DAPHNE project experience
- Carlene Firmin - Director of MsUnderstood, and peer-on-peer abuse researcher, University of Bedfordshire
- Tess Joseph - Equalities strategies and training, including policing
- Professor Jane Rarieya - Gender violence and gender equality policy expert, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
- Candice Wallace-Henry - Child Development Specialist at Ministry of Gender, Youth and Child Development,Trinidad and Tobago
This is the third and final report from the EU Daphne-III co-funded GAP WORK Project on improving gender-related violence (GRV) intervention and referral through ‘youth practitioner’ training that has been designed and coordinated by Dr Pam Alldred at Brunel University London (UK) between 2013-2015. This report describes the four training programmes developed and piloted as the ‘Actions’ in Ireland, Italy, Spain and the UK, and presents initial evaluations of the training courses. Research continues among the academic partners and later evaluations may reveal more about the application of learning by trainees in their places of work and over a longer period, but this report gives an account of evaluations conducted within the project period.
Read and download the report her in English Hungarian Italian Serbian Spanish
This report outlines the socio-legal context within the European Union (EU) and each participating project nation in relation to our conceptualisation of Gender Related Violence (GRV). The main aim of this legal analysis is to understand the legal framework and the political discourses of the different countries participating in the project and their relation with the European Legislation.
Report 2 in English
Training actions were coordinated in the UK by the Centre of Youth work Studies of Brunel Uniervsity, and resources were produced in collaboration with Rights of Women, About Young People and the London Borough of Lewisham.
The cascade resource 'Unpacking Gender Related Violence' aims to explore the significance of language and culture in reinforcing or challenging gender inequalities, violence and Gender Related Violence (GRV) in work with young people. The process of ‘Unpacking GRV’ is explored through three key stages within this resource: Inform, Assess and Act. It is expected that the ‘Inform to Act’ process set out within this resource will provide youth practitioners with a framework for exploring GRV within their practice settings and identifying practical steps for action in the prevention of GRV amongst young people. It is available in three complementary files:
Unpacking GRV 1 : Unpacking Gender Related Violence
Unpacking GRV 2 : Promoting healthy relationships and sex & the lawUnpacking GRV 3 : Taking Action to Combat GRV - Information, Resources and Activities for Youth Practitioners
The legal guide legacy resource Understand, Identify, Intervene: Supporting young people in relation to peer-on-peer abuse, domestic and sexual violence was produced by Rights of Women to provide support to young people in relation to peer-on-peer abuse, domestic and sexual violence. It includes information on legal issues affecting women. The information contained therein is not legal advice. If you have a legal problem, you should talk to a lawyer or advisor before deciding what to do. The information given here is written for people resident in or affected by the laws of England and Wales.
- Alldred, Pam and Biglia, Barbara (2015), Gender-Related Violence and Young People: An Overview of Italian, Irish, Spanish, UK and EU Legislation. Children & Society, 29: 662–675. doi: 10.1111/chso.12141
- David, Miriam (Dec. 2015), 'Education and training for youth professionals to challenge gender-related violence', December 2015 Newsletter, Feminist and Women's Studies Assocation (UK and Ireland)
- Jiménez, Edurne; Biglia, Barbara; Olivella, Maria (2015) GAP WORK Llenando Vacíos en la formación en violencias de género para personas que trabajan con jóvenes en Cataluña. En Casado, Rosa, et.all. Aportaciones en la investigación sobre mujeres y género. Sevilla: @readigital 2.0
- Biglia, Barbara (2015) Avances, dilemas y retos de las epistemologías feministas en la investigación social. Book chapter in publication.
- Biglia, Barbara and Jimenez, Edurne (2015) (ed.) Jóvenes, género y violencias: hagamos nuestra la prevención. Tarragona: URV
- David, M.E. (2014) Love, Honour and Obey: will the IOE repent its UCL union at leisure? Specialist institutions may find it difficult to go it alone in today’s academy but mergers may bring few benefits, Times Higher Education, February 20th pp 34-5
- David, M.E. (2014) Feminism, Gender, and Universities: Politics, Passion, and Pedagogies London: Ashgate ISBN: 978-1-4724-3711-2 pp xv + 221
- David, M.E. (2014) The challenges of domestic or sexual violence for ‘frontline workers’: developing training materials and educational resources. Respecting Children & Young People, British Educational Research Association (BERA) blog August 13th
- David, M.E. (2014) Higher education Must address gender-realted violence, Opinion piece for the Times Higher Education in 23rd October
- Biglia,Barbara,Olivella, Maria Jiménez, Edurne (2014) Marcos legislativos y prácticas educativas sobre violencias de género y juventud en Cataluña. La Camera Blu, 10 (10)
- Biglia, B, Olivella, M., Cagliero, S. Intersecionalities and other omission in European legislation on gender related violence. Qualitative Inquiry
- Biglia, B., Jimenez, E. , Folgueirs, P. A feminist activist research experience on gender related violence trainings. Action Research
- Cagliero, S, Biglia, B. Normativitá nella legislazione italiana sulle violenze di genere. At gender, sended for evaluation.
- Folgueiras, P., Biglia, B., Jimenez, E. Innovando en la formación sobre violencias de género. Cultura y Educación
- Jimenez, E., Biglia, B. La evaluación feminista de la prevención de las violencias de género: pontencialidades, retos y límites. Revista Estudos Feministas
- Olivella, M; Biglia, B. "Analizando las leyes españolas sobre violencias de género: como se definen los sujetos de la ley en y cuales son las consequencias para las politicas publicas" Revista de Ciencia Politica
- Gender Conscious Work With Young People: The GAP WORK Project, Maynooth University, Department of Education student teachers (March 2014)
- Training for Gender Conscious Youth Work: A Research Project, at the National Youth Council of Ireland Conference (November 2014)
- Biglia, B. and Alldred, P., 2013-07-11 “Generating new understandings of gender violence for work with young people” Paper presented at the International Congress on Gender Violence: Intersectionalities, International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Oñati, Spain.
- Biglia, B, 2014-11-11, “Perspectives crítiques sobre la violència contra les dones. Interseccions violència de gènere – heterosexisme” Paper presented at the Jornades d'investigació-acció "Ampliant els horitzons de la violència de gènere”, Ajuntament de Parets del Vallés and LaCentrifugadora, Parets del Vallés, Spain.
- Biglia, B, 2014-11-25 “GAP WORK: Improving gender-related violence intervention and referral through youth practitioner training” Talk gived at the I Jornades pel Dia Internacional per l'eliminació de la violència contra les dones, Sala de Graus del campus Catalunya, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain.
- Biglia, B,. 2014-05-19 “GAP WORK: Improving gender-related violence intervention and referral through youth practitioner training” Talk gived at the Seminari Violència de gènere, Interseccionalitat i Subjectivitat, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.
- Biglia, B. and Jimenez, E., 2014-05-21 "Feminist Research Action: Pitfall, contradictions and strengths"Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Tenth Annual Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois .
- Biglia, B. 2015-01-05 “Intervening and Researching on Gender Violences: the challenging experiences of the GAPWORK Project. Talk given at the City University of New York, Graduate Center. Organised by the Critical Social/ Personality Psychology Departament, NY, USA.
- Biglia, B, Alldred, P. and Inaudi, C., 2014-07-02 “Avaluació de processos formatius en violència de gènere” Talk given at the Seminari Interdisciplinar de Metodologia de Recerca Feminista (SIMREF).
- Cagliero, S. 2014-04-3 "“Violencias de género en Italia: de la agresión sexual al feminicidio” Paper presented at V Aula de Debate de Jóvenes Investigador@s en Temáticas de Género 2014, Instituto Universitario de Estudios de la Mujer de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Madrid).
- Jiménez, E.; Biglia, B. and Olivella, M., 2014-07-04 “GAP WORK. Llenando vacíos en la formación en violencias de género para personas que trabajan con jóvenes en Cataluña” Paper presented at the V Congreso Universitario Internacional “Investigación y Género 2014”, Seminario Interdisciplinar de Estudios de la Mujer (SIEMUS), Universidad de Sevilla, Spain.
- Olivella, M.; Biglia, B.; Jiménez, E. and Cagliero, S., 2014-09-27, “Unpacking Gender Related Violence Laws in Spain: Who is considered the subject of law and what are the consequences for social policies?” Paper presented at the International Conference on Women's Studies, Centre for Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, Vienna, Austria.
- Alldred, P & Stenstrom, M (2013) How to evaluate training courses on gender violence: a review of European practice, European Sociological Association (ESA) Conference, University of Turin, August, 2013
- Alldred, P & Stenstrom, M (2013) A critique of the aims and objectives of training on gender violence: missing the chance to promote equality? British Educational Research Association (BERA) annual conference, University of Sussex, September 2013.
- Alldred, P and N. Levitan (2014) Teachers in England Tackling Gender-related Violence: How is training turned into action? British Educational Research Association, (BERA) annual conference, Institute of Education, September 2014.
- Alldred, P (2014) Challenging Heteronormativity with Youth Professionals/in Mainstream Youth Settings?, BiRecon, Leeds Trinity University, July 2014.
- Alldred, P (2014) Training for All ‘Youth Practitioners’: The GAP WORK Project experience, at day conference “Youth Voices”: Addressing Gender Based Violence in Tower Hamlets (12 November 2014)
- Alldred, P (2014) Addressing GRV as a hate crime: A UK perspective based on experiences in a four-country European project, Fifth Annual Conference of the Victimology Society of Serbia Victims' protection: International law, national legislations and practice, Belgrade, Serbia, 27-28 November 2014.
- David, M (2014) Invited presentation to Keele University Public Policy Institute and educational policy on Feminism, Gender & Universities May 23rd 2014
- David, M (2014) Invited presentation to Sociology of Education conference, Institute of Education, London on Feminism, Gender & Universities: Politics, Passion & Pedagogies, June 18th 2014.
- David, M (2014) Invited Lecture on Feminist Sociology revealing the latest sociological research, for Teachers of A level sociology for Philip Allan Events and CPD, at the Cumberland Hotel, London, UK, June 27th 2014.
- David, M (2014) Feminism, Gender & Universities book launch seminar at BERA Annual Conference, Institute of Education, London September 23rd 2014.
- David, M (2014) Invited seminar on Feminism, Gender & Universities Higher Education group, Cass School of Education, University of East London, October 9th 2014.
- David, M (2014) Invited salon discussion of Feminism, Gender & Universities at The Feminist Library, Westminster Bridge Road, London, October 11th 2014.
- David, M (2014) Lecture on Feminism, Gender & Universities: Politics, Passion and Pedagogies Oxford Women’s Leadership Symposium, Somerville College, Oxford December 8th-10th 2014.
- Rivers, I, Alldred, P and Stenstrom, M (2014) Can training increase teachers’ knowledge of peer-on-peer, sexist, sexualizing or homophobic abuse? Analysis of cross-national data from the GAP WORK Project, British Educational Research Association (BERA) annual conference, Institute of Education, September 2014.