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Optimising biomechanics of throwing performance


Project description

Overarm throwing is part of many popular sports, such as cricket, baseball, and athletics. In throwing, a small change in the release speed of the projectile can be the difference between winning and losing.

This project is examining the effect of changes in the mass of the arm segments on ball release speed in overarm throwing. Computer simulations and experimental data are being used to determine the optimal combination of arm segment masses that produces the fastest throw.

In almost all sports an athlete is permitted to change the mass of their body segments through training with ‘muscle building’ exercises. In throwing sports, an athlete who adjusts their arm segment masses to be closer to the optimal combination could have a competitive edge over their opponents.

Research Output

Linthorne, N. P., & Everett, D. A. (2006). Release angle for attaining maximum distance in the soccer throw-in. Sports Biomechanics, 5, 243–260.

Fasbender, P., Korff, T., Baltzopoulos, V. and Linthorne, N. (2020). Optimal mass of the arm segments in throwing: A two-dimensional computer simulation study. European Journal of Sport Science. 2020 Mar 14:1-8. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2020.1730446.

Linthorne, N. (2020). The correlation between jump height and mechanical power in a countermovement jump is artificially inflated. Sports Biomechanics. 2020 Mar 23:1-19. doi: 10.1080/14763141.2020.1721737.