The need to reduce carbon emissions, that directly impacts climate change, and to increase resource efficiency requires investigating more environmentally-friendly solutions to provide energy.
Renewable energies are the best solutions; however, they greatly rely on batteries, which are now the new challenge in terms of sustainable production and e-Waste management. For instance, e-Waste is one of the global rising problems in developing countries, such as India, where the demand for lithium-ion batteries, used in electric vehicles and for storage from renewable sources and grid stability, is growing significantly. Therefore, it is anticipated that e-Waste will continue to grow in India and will become a new environmental and health hazard as there are currently no other waste management options available other than landfilling.
Tackling this problem requires the exploration of new techno-commercial solutions and policy frameworks to enable a sustainable end-of-life management of battery e-Waste worldwide, which will allow the reuse of scarce resources through remanufacturing (recycling, refurbishing and reusing), simultaneously reassuring the safe management of e-Waste, mitigating environmental and social burdens. Therefore, the main purpose of this project is to explore the current situation and challenges faced in the UK and India in terms of technology, supply chain and policy enablers towards implementing circular economy principles in the e-Waste management of lithium-ion batteries.
The following key points will be addressed during the project:
- Lithium battery manufacturing in the UK - manufacturing and supply chain
- Lithium recovery technologies (commercial and R&D): best practices
- Update of e-Waste legislative frameworks in the UK and India: facing current challenges
Meet the Principal Investigator(s) for the project