Professor of Public Health / Vice-Dean Research
Christina joined Brunel in October 2009 as Professor of Gerontology and Public Health in the School of Health Sciences and Social Care l having previously held professorial posts at Reading University and St George’s Hospital Medical School. Christina started her academic career as a geographer with a particular interest in the spatial distribution of health and illness and access to, and provision of, health and social care. She has a BA in Geography from Swansea University and an M Phil in medical geography from Nottingham.
It was whilst working at the Medical School in Cardiff that she developed her interests in gerontology and her PhD investigated outcome after discharge for older people in Wales and she now focuses her interests in public health/population medicine on to the experiences of old age and later life. Christina’s initial research interests were focussed upon health and health inequalities and the evaluation of services for older people.
More recently she developed a keen interest in loneliness and isolation; the benefits of exercise and activity in later life and the experiences of old age and later life amongst minority communities. She is currently leading a number of research projects funded by range of ages including ESRC (‘Families and Caring in South Asian Communities); Leverhulme (Inter and intra generational patterns of caring amongst minority communities); Dunhill medical trust (dignity in care for older people). In addition she is part of research projects focussing upon falls prevention in mental health settings (funded by NIHR); Dementia services development in Jordan (funded by the British academy); an intervention to increase exercise amongst older people in primary care (funded by NIHR) and understanding the links between care homes and primary care (funded by SDO).
Christina has written over 180 journal articles and book chapters and has published 8 books in the field of gerontology. Her most recent book, Ageing, Health and Care, was launched by Policy Press at the British Society of Gerontology conference held at Brunel in July 2010. She has recently taken over as Editor of Ageing and Society, the leading social gerontology journal in the UK. In addition she is a member of a range grant awarding bodies including NIHR and ESRC. She is a Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health and an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences.
- University: Subcommittee on postgraduate research students
- School research committee
- School Postgraduate research studies committee (Chair)
- School: Director of Health Studies Committee and member of School Senior Management Group
Administration Responsibilities:Director of the Doctorate in Public Health
Teaching Interests:Development of research students and post-doctoral/early career researchers
My principal research interests are focussed around understanding the social context of ageing and later life. More specifically I have specialist interests around loneliness and social isolation; care and caring; growing old amongst minority communities; physical activity, exercise and later life and the use of secondary data analysis in gerontological research. I also am active in the broad areas of service evaluation, health inequalities and public health aspects of old age and population ageing, especially in the developing world.
Membership and affiliation
- Member British Society of Gerontology
- Associate Member British Geriatrics Society
- Fellow Faculty of Public Health
Research project(s) and grant(s)
- 2010 Leverhulme Foundation-Inter and intra-generational patterns of caring amongst minority community (£225,000) with Prof V Burholt & Dr W Martin
- 2009 Dunhill Medical Trust-Dignity in care for older people (with Dr W Martin, Dr V Williams, Dr S Richards, Prof A Le May & Prof D Oliver) (£125,000)
- 2008 ESRC Intergenerational relationships and support networks of older South Asians: a comparison of elders living in the UK , India and Bangladesh (with Prof Burholt) (£72696)
- 2007 ESRC-New Dynamics of Ageing Programme-family and caring amongst South Asian communities £380,000 (with Dr W P Martin)
- 2007 Thomas Pocklington Trust –quality of life of people with visual impairment-£50000-M Gosney and C Victor (extension of £25,000 October 2008)
- 2006 Framework 6-independence in old age –work packages on acceptability of technology and falls prevention (C Victor)-£300000 (approx)
- 2006 ESC-NDA preparatory network on safety and security in old age (with Dr R McCrindle)
- 2006 Thames Valley Primary Care Network £25,000-pilot study of exercise and older people (T Harris, C Victor & D Cook)
- Contributor to the School research methods and evidence based public health modules
- MSc Dissertation supervisor
Research supervisionI am currently supervising 8 doctoral students
Williams, V. , Kinnear, D. and Victor, C. (2016) ''It's the little things that count': Healthcare professionals' views on delivering dignified care: A qualitative study'. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jan.12878 Download publication
Zubair, M. and Victor, C. (2015) 'Exploring gender, age, time and space in research with older Pakistani Muslims in the United Kingdom: Formalised research 'ethics' and performances of the public/private divide in 'the field''. Ageing and Society, 35 (5). pp. 961 - 985. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X14001378 Download publication
Goodman, C. , Davies, SL. , Gordon, AL. , Meyer, J. , et al. (2015) 'Relationships, expertise, incentives, and governance: Supporting care home residents' access to health care: An interview study from England'. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16 (5). pp. 427 - 432. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.01.072 Download publication
Victor, C. , Sullivan, MP. , Woodbridge, R. and Thomas, M. (2015) 'Dancing with loneliness in later life: A pilot study mapping seasonal variations'. Open Psychology Journal, 8 (1). pp. 97 - 104. Download publication
Ahmad, S. , Harris, T. , Limb, E. , Kerry, S. , et al. (2015) 'Evaluation of reliability and validity of the General Practice Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPPAQ) in 60-74 year old primary care patients Service organization, utilization, and delivery of care'. BMC Family Practice, 16 (1). doi: 10.1186/s12875-015-0324-8
Kinnear, D. , Victor, C. and Williams, V. (2015) 'What facilitates the delivery of dignified care to older people? A survey of health care professionals Geriatrics'. BMC Research Notes, 8 (1). doi: 10.1186/s13104-015-1801-9 Download publication
Beighton, C. , Victor, C. , Normansell, R. , Cook, D. , et al. (2015) '"It's not just about walking.....it's the practice nurse that makes it work": a qualitative exploration of the views of practice nurses delivering complex physical activity interventions in primary care'. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 15 pp. . doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2568-6 Download publication
Froggatt, K. , Goodman, C. , Morbey, H. , Davies, S. , et al. (2015) 'Public Involvement in Research within Care Homes:Benefits and Challenges in the APPROACH Study'. Health Expectations. doi: 10.1111/hex.12431 Download publication
Harris, T. , Kerry, SM. , Victor, CR. , Ekelund, U. , et al. (2015) 'A Primary Care Nurse-Delivered Walking Intervention in Older Adults: PACE (Pedometer Accelerometer Consultation Evaluation)-Lift Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial'. PLoS Medicine, 12 (2). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001783 Download publication
Gordon, AL. , Goodman, C. , Dening, T. , Davies, S. , et al. (2014) 'The optimal study: Describing the key components of optimal health care delivery to UK care home residents: A research protocol'. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 15 (9). pp. 681 - 686. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2014.06.011
Normansell, R. , Smith, J. , Victor, C. , Cook, DG. , et al. (2014) 'Numbers are not the whole story: a qualitative exploration of barriers and facilitators to increased physical activity in a primary care based walking intervention'. BMC Public Health, 14 pp. . doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1272 Download publication
Victor, CR. , Kinnear, D. and Williams, V. (2014) 'The meaning of dignified care: an exploration of health and social care professionals’ perspectives working with older people'. BMC Research Notes, 7 (854). Download publication
Norris, M. , Jones, F. , Kilbride, C. and Victor, C. (2014) 'Exploring the experience of facilitating self-management with minority ethnic stroke survivors:a qualitative study of therapists' perception'. Disability and Rehabilitation, 36 (26). pp. 2252 - 2261. Download publication
Fox-Rushby, J. , Normansell, R. , Victor, C. , Smith, J. , et al. (2014) 'Numbers are not the whole story: a qualitative exploration of barriers and facilitators to increased physical activity in the PACE-UP randomised controlled trial, a primary care based walking intervention'. BMC Public Health, 14 (1272). Download publication
Clare, L. , Nelis, SM. , Quinn, C. , Martyr, A. , et al. (2014) 'Improving the experience of dementia and enhancing active life - living well with dementia: study protocol for the IDEAL study'. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12 pp. . doi: 10.1186/s12955-014-0164-6 Download publication
Bunn, F. , Dickinson, A. , Simpson, C. , Narayanan, V. , et al. (2014) 'Preventing falls among older people with mental health problems: A systematic review'. BMC Nursing, 13 (1). doi: 10.1186/1472-6955-13-4 Download publication
Shaw, J. , Kontos, P. , Martin, W. and Victor, C. (2014) 'The inter-relation between policy and practice for transitions from hospital to home: an ethnographic case study in England’s National Health Service'. BMC Health Services Research, 14 (Suppl 2). doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-S2-P111 Download publication
Goodman, C. , Gordon, AL. , Martin, F. , Davies, SL. , et al. (2014) 'Effective health care for older people resident in care homes: the optimal study protocol for realist review'. Systematic Reviews, 3 (2014). doi: 10.1186/2046-4053-3-49 Download publication
Rogers, A. , Harris, T. , Victor, CR. , Woodcock, A. , et al. (2014) 'Which older people decline participation in a primary care trial of physical activity and why: insights from a mixed methods approach'. BMC Geriatrics, 14 pp. . doi: 10.1186/1471-2318-14-46 Download publication
Carey, IM. , Shah, SM. , DeWilde, S. , Harris, T. , et al. (2014) 'Increased Risk of Acute Cardiovascular Events After Partner Bereavement A Matched Cohort Study'. JAMA INTERNAL MEDICINE, 174 (4). pp. 598 - 605. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.14558
Nyman, SR. and Victor, CR. (2014) 'Older people's participation and engagement in falls prevention interventions: Comparing rates and settings'. European Geriatric Medicine, 5 (1). pp. 18 - 20. doi: 10.1016/j.eurger.2013.09.008 Download publication
Nyman, SR. and Victor, CR. (2014) 'Use of personal call alarms among community-dwelling older people'. AGEING & SOCIETY, 34 (1). pp. 67 - 89. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X12000803
Cairns, D. , Williams, V. , Victor, C. , Richards, S. , et al. (2013) 'The meaning and importance of dignified care: Findings from a survey of health and social care professionals'. BMC Geriatrics, 13 (28). doi: 10.1186/1471-2318-13-28 Download publication
Williams, V. , Victor, CR. and McCrindle, R. (2013) 'It is always on your mind: Experiences and perceptions of falling of older people and their carers and the potential of a mobile falls detection device'. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, 2013 doi: 10.1155/2013/295073 Download publication
Shah, SM. , Carey, IM. , Harris, T. , DeWilde, S. , et al. (2013) 'Impact of Partner Bereavement on Quality of Cardiovascular Disease Management'. CIRCULATION, 128 (25). pp. 2745 - +. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.004122
Harris, T. , Kerry, SM. , Victor, CR. , Shah, SM. , et al. (2013) 'PACE-UP (Pedometer and consultation evaluation - UP) – a pedometer-based walking intervention with and without practice nurse support in primary care patients aged 45–75 years: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial'. Trials, 14 Download publication
Shah, SM. , Carey, IM. , Harris, T. , DeWilde, S. , et al. (2013) 'Initiation of psychotropic medication after partner bereavement: A matched cohort study'. PLoS One, 8 (11). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077734 Download publication
Norris, M. , Kilbride, C. , Mohagheghi, A. and Victor, C. (2013) 'Exercise instructor-led functional training programme for community dwelling stroke survivors: A qualitative study'. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 20 (12). pp. 597 - 605.
Shah, SM. , Carey, IM. , Harris, T. , DeWilde, S. , et al. (2013) 'The Effect of Unexpected Bereavement on Mortality in Older Couples'. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 103 (6). pp. 1140 - 1145. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301050
Harris, T. , Kerry, S. , Victor, CR. , Ekelund, U. , et al. (2013) 'Randomised controlled trial of a complex intervention by primary care nurses to increase walking in patients aged 60–74 years: Protocol of the PACE-Lift (Pedometer Accelerometer Consultation Evaluation - Lift) trial'. BMC Public Health, 13 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-5 Download publication
Victor, C. , Burholt, V. and Martin, W. (2012) 'Loneliness and Ethnic Minority Elders in Great Britain: An Exploratory Study'. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 27 (1). pp. 65 - 78. doi: 10.1007/s10823-012-9161-6
Victor, CR. (2012) 'Loneliness in care homes: A neglected area of research?'. Aging Health, 8 (6). pp. 637 - 646. doi: 10.2217/ahe.12.65
Shah, SM. , Carey, IM. , Harris, T. , DeWilde, S. , et al. (2012) 'DO GOOD HEALTH AND MATERIAL CIRCUMSTANCES PROTECT OLDER PEOPLE FROM THE INCREASE IN MORTALITY AFTER BEREAVEMENT?'. JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, 66 pp. A33 - A33. doi: 10.1136/jech-2012-201753.085
Shah, SM. , Carey, IM. , Harris, T. , Dewilde, S. , et al. (2012) 'Do good health and material circumstances protect older people from the increased risk of death after bereavement?'. American Journal of Epidemiology, 176 (8). pp. 689 - 698. doi: 10.1093/aje/kws162 Download publication
Nyman, SR. and Victor, CR. (2012) 'Current evidence on older people's participation in exercise interventions for the prevention of falls'. JOURNAL OF AGING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 20 pp. S107 - S108.
Victor, CR. , Martin, W. and Zubair, M. (2012) 'Families and caring amongst older people in South Asian communities in the UK: A pilot study'. European Journal of Social Work, 15 (1). pp. 81 - 96. doi: 10.1080/13691457.2011.573913
Victor, CR. and Bowling, A. (2012) 'A Longitudinal Analysis of Loneliness Among Older People in Great Britain'. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 146 (3). pp. 313 - 331. doi: 10.1080/00223980.2011.609572
Victor, CR. and Yang, K. (2012) 'The Prevalence of Loneliness Among Adults: A Case Study of the United Kingdom'. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 146 (1-2). pp. 85 - 104. doi: 10.1080/00223980.2011.613875
Nyman, SR. and Victor, CR. (2012) 'Older people's participation in and engagement with falls prevention interventions in community settings: An augment to the cochrane systematic review'. Age and Ageing, 41 (1). pp. 16 - 23.
Nyman, SR. and Victor, CR. (2012) 'Older people's participation in and engagement with falls prevention interventions in community settings: an augment to the Cochrane systematic review.'. Age Ageing, 41 (1). pp. 16 - 23. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afr103
Victor, CR. and Yang, K. (2012) 'The prevalence of loneliness among adults: a case study of the United Kingdom.'. The Journal of psychology, 146 (1-2). pp. 85 - 104.
Nyman, SR. , Dibb, B. , Victor, CR. and Gosney, MA. (2012) 'Emotional well-being and adjustment to vision loss in later life: a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies'. Disability and Rehabilitation, 34 (12). pp. 971 - 981. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2011.626487
McCrindle, RJ. , Williams, VM. , Victor, CR. , Harvey, AP. , et al. (2011) 'Wearable device to assist independent living'. International Journal on Disability and Human Development, 10 (4). pp. 349 - 354. doi: 10.1515/IJDHD.2011.052
Nyman, SR. , Hogarth, HA. , Ballinger, C. and Victor, CR. (2011) 'Representations of old age in falls prevention websites: implications for likely uptake of advice by older people'. BRITISH JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY, 74 (8). pp. 366 - 374. doi: 10.4276/030802211X13125646370807
Nyman, SR. and Victor, CR. (2011) 'Older people's recruitment, sustained participation, and adherence to falls prevention interventions in institutional settings: a supplement to the Cochrane systematic review.'. Age Ageing, 40 (4). pp. 430 - 436. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afr016
Nyman, SR. , Gosney, MA. and Victor, CR. (2010) 'Psychosocial impact of visual impairment in working age adults'. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 94 (11). pp. 1427 - 1431. doi: 10.1136/bjo.2009.164814 Download publication
Victor, CR. (2010) 'Where now for social care in England?'. BMJ, 340 doi: 10.1136/bmj.c2017
Nyman, SR. , Gosney, MA. and Victor, CR. (2010) 'Counselling for people with sight loss in the UK: The need for provision and the need for evidence'. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 94 (3). pp. 385 - 386. doi: 10.1136/bjo.2009.159855 Download publication
Harris, TJ. , Owen, CG. , Victor, CR. , Adams, R. , et al. (2009) 'A comparison of questionnaire, accelerometer, and pedometer: measures in older people'. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41 (7). pp. 1392 - 1402. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819b3533
Higgs, PF. , Hyde, M. , Gilleard, CJ. , Victor, CR. , et al. (2009) 'From passive to active consumers? Later life consumption in the UK from 1968-2005'. Sociological Review, 57 (13). pp. 102 - 124.
Victor, CR. (2009) 'The future of social care in England'. BMJ, 339 doi: 10.1136/bmj.b3384
Harris, TJ. , Owen, CG. , Victor, CR. , Adams, R. and Cook, DG. (2009) 'What factors are associated with physical activity in older people, assessed objectively by accelerometry?'. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43 pp. 442 - 450. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.048033
Victor, CR. (2008) 'The Sociology of Aging, 3rd edition'. Ageing and Society, 28 (6). pp. 908 - 909. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X08007460
Harris, TJ. , Victor, CR. , Carey, IM. , Adams, R. and Cook, DG. (2008) 'Less healthy, but more active: opposing selection biases when recruiting older people to a physical activity study through primary care'. BMC Public Health, 8 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-182 Download publication
Axford, J. , Heron, C. , Ross, F. and Victor, CR. (2008) 'Management of knee osteoarthritis in primary care: pain and depression are the major obstacles'. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64 (5). pp. 461 - 467. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.11.009
Yang, K. and Victor, CR. (2008) 'The prevalence of and risk factors for loneliness among older people in China'. Ageing and Society, 28 (03). pp. 305 - 327. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X07006848 Download publication
Jones, IR. , Ahmed, N. , Kelly, M. , Bothamley, G. , et al. (2008) 'With an attack I associate it more with going into hospital: understanding of asthma and psychosocial stressors: are they related to use of services?'. Social Science and Medicine, 66 (3). pp. 765 - 775. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.09.012
Harris, TJ. , Carey, IM. , Victor, CR. , Adams, R. and Cook, DG. (2008) 'Optimising recruitment into a study of physical activity in older people: a randomised controlled trial of different approaches'. Age and Ageing, 37 (6). pp. 659 - 665. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afn159
Victor, C. , Martin, W. and Saha, S. (2007) 'Growing older in a transnational community: The experiences of Bangladesh and Pakistani elders in the UK (Conference abstract)'. The Gerontologist, 47 (Special Issue II). pp. 317 - 317. doi: 10.1093/geront/47.Special_Issue_II.1
Victor, CR. , McCrindle, R. , Martin, W. and Barrett, J. (2007) 'Keeping individuals safe and secure: Older people's perspectives on safety and security and the potential of technology (Conference abstract)'. The Gerontologist, 47 (Special Issue II). pp. 456 - 456. doi: 10.1093/geront/47.Special_Issue_II.1
Oliver, D. , Connelly, JB. , Victor, CR. , Shaw, FE. , et al. (2007) 'Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analyses.'. BMJ, 334 (7584). pp. 82. doi: 10.1136/bmj.39049.706493.55
Sturdy, PM. , Butland, BK. , Anderson, HR. , Ayres, JG. , et al. (2005) 'Deaths certified as asthma and use of medical services: a national case-control study'. Thorax, 60 (11). pp. 909 - 915. doi: 10.1136/thx.2004.025593 Download publication
Harris, T. , Cook, DG. , Victor, CR. , Rink, P. , et al. (2005) 'Are depression, anxiety and health beliefs important predictors of older people's primary care consulting?'. Age and Ageing, 34 (4). pp. 398 - 401. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afi105
Victor, CR. , Scambler, S. , Bowling, A. and Bond, J. (2005) 'The prevalence of and risk factors for, loneliness in later life: a survey of older people in Great Britain'. Ageing & Society, 25 pp. 357 - 375. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X04003332
Barrett, G. , Peacock, J. , Victor, CR. and Manyonda, I. (2005) 'Cesarean section and postnatal sexual health'. Birth, 32 (4). pp. 306 - 311. doi: 10.1111/j.0730-7659.2005.00388.x
Peacock, PJ. , Peacock, JL. , Victor, CR. and Chazot, C. (2005) 'Changes in the emergency workload of the London Ambulance Service between 1989 and 1999'. Emergency Medicine Journal, 22 (1). pp. 56 - 59. doi: 10.1136/emj.2004.016741 Download publication
Victor, C. (2011) Caring for the elderly. Routledge
Victor, C. (2010) Ageing, health and care. Policy Press
Bond, J. , Victor, C. and Scambler, S. (2009) The social world of older people. Open Univerity Press
Victor, C. , Higgs, P. , Gilleard, C. and Hyde, M. (2008) Ageing in a consumer society: from passive to active consumption in Britain. Policy Press
Victor, C. and Zubair, M. (2015) 'Expectations of care and support in old age by Bangladeshi and Pakistani elders', in Ageing in Contexts of Migration. pp. 108 - 118.
Victor, CR. (2015) 'Loneliness and later life: Concepts, prevalence, and consequences', in Addressing Loneliness: Coping, Prevention and Clinical Interventions. pp. 185 - 204.
Victor, CR. and Sullivan, MP. (2015) 'Loneliness and isolation', in Routledge Handbook of Cultural Gerontology. pp. 252 - 260.
Vera-Sanso, P. , Barrientos, A. , Damodaran, L. , Gilhooly, K. , et al. (2014) 'Participation and social connectivity', in Walker, A. (ed.) The New Science of Ageing. Bristol, UK Policy Press pp. 181 - 208.
Zubair, M. , Martin, W. and Victor, CR. (2012) 'Doing Pakistani ethnicity, the female way: Issues of identity, trust and recruitment when researching older Pakistani Muslims in the UK', in Leontowitsch, M. (ed.) Researching Later Life and Ageing.Expanding Qualitative Research Agendas and Methods. Basingstoke Palgrave MacMillan pp. 63 - 83.
Hyde, M. , Higgs, P. , Gilleard, C. , Victor, C. , et al. (2009) 'Aging, cohorts, and consumption: the British experience 1968-2005', in Jones, IR. , Higgs, P. and Ekerdt, DJ. (eds.) Consumption and Generational Change. New Brunswick, USA and London, UK Transaction Publishers pp. 93 - 125.
Harris, T. , Kerry, SM. , Victor, CR. , Ekelund, U. , et al. (2014) 'Does a complex intervention by primary care nurses increase walking in older people? Outcomes at 3 and 12 months in the PACE-Lift (Pedometer Accelerometer Consultation Evaluation-Lift) cluster-randomised controlled trial' , European Public Health Science Conference. Glasgow, SCOTLAND. 19 ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, pp. 3 - 3.
Norris, M. , Kilbride, C. , Victor, C. and Jones, F. (2012) 'The use of self-management in stroke survivors from ethnic minorities: a mixed methods study' , UK Stroke Forum. Harrogate. 4 - 6 December.
Sullivan, MP. , Gilhooly, M. , Victor, C. , Gilhooly, K. , et al. (2014) Use as Abuse: A Feasibility Study of Alcolhol-related Elder Abuse.