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Dr Pin Lean Lau
Lecturer in Bio Law


Pin Lean is a Lecturer in Bio-Law at Brunel Law School, joining Brunel University London in January 2021. A former practising barrister and solicitor, she was a corporate-commercial attorney working primarily in corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions, technology law, and general corporate advisory matters. Prior to joining Brunel University, she was an attorney on secondment with the Legal Services Team (based in Belgrave, London) in the General Counsel's Organization of American Express International, where she was a key senior legal counsel for the Asia-Pacific region. 

Pin Lean is the General Manager of the Centre for Artificial Intelligence: Social & Digital Innovations. She is an active member of the Brunel International Law Research Group, Living Avatars Research Group, the Human Rights, Society and the Arts Research Group, and Reproduction Research Group. Externally, she is part of the ELSI2.0 Workspace, an international collaboratory on genomics and society research; a member of the European Association of Health Law (EAHL), and a General Manager of the Interest Group on Supranational Bio-Law of the EAHL; and a member of the Daughters of Themis: International Network of Female Business Scholars. She has held visiting fellowships with the Centre for Health, Law and Emerging Technologies (HeLEX), NDPH (Medical Sciences Division), University of Oxford; the Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences (CELLs) at the University of Hannover, Germany; and participated in the Centre for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine (CELAB) in Central European University, Hungary. She is also a member of the newly launched global Responsible Metaverse Alliance. 

Her research encompasses European, international, and comparative law for genome editing (with a focus on pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, reproductive technologies and women's bodies; and the proliferation of virulent gene-edited pathogens and global bio-security); propertization and commodification studies of genetic materials and biomedical technologies; the ethico-legal governance for artificial intelligence (AI) systems (with a focus on protection of fundamental rights, spatial 'body citizenship' and bio-constitutional implications of the AI-augmented biological human body, and AI in women's health); and technologies horizon scanning and legal future foresighting for new and emerging technologies and environments, such as the Metaverse. She has written widely on topics straddling the fringes of laws, technologies and society, and has been invited as a speaker by many national and international organisations, including on podcasts relating to technologies, and media interviews with news organisations in the UK, US, France, Germany, Brazil, Hungary, Malaysia, Japan, and India. Recently, she was invited as an expert panelist by the UK regulatory alliance, the Digital Cooperation Regulation Forum (DRCF) in its first Metaverse Symposium. She has also consulted as an expert with the UK Law Society on technologies and horizon scanning in its Future Worlds 2050 Project. 

Pin Lean previously consulted on a multi-trust funded project for the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the OiE (World Organization for Animal Health), on developing and piloting of a Tripartite One Health Assessment Tool for Antimicrobial Resistance Relevant Legislation. She also completed a project with researchers from the EAHL to produce a Joint Statement for the European Commission's 2021 Thematic Networks, with a proposal for Health as a Fundamental Value, as part of the EU Pharmaceutical Strategy. She led a project on AI-driven technologies in women's healthcare, funded by the Institute for Communities & Society. Besides this, she is also working on several book projects, including health and IP rights in EU health law, and EU health databases: Eudravigilance; Eudamed; Clinical Trials database; and Eudra-GDP database for the Oxford University Press Encyclopaedia on EU Health Law; on the EU Draft Law for Artificial Intelligence and data protection; and on AI gender data gap and data feminism in women's healthcare. She is also a contributor in the EuroGCT Project (European Gene & Cell Therapy Project) funded by the European Commission's Horizon 2020 Work Programme, contributing in the area of data misuse and mission creep in EU health laws relating to patient involvement and patient data.  

She is currently leading a project, together with civil society organisation, Health Action International, to produce a Joint Statement and policy recommendations for the European Commission 2022 Thematic Networks, on the impact of artificial intelligence on health outcomes (reducing health inequalities) of marginalised groups in the EU. She is also a co-investigator in a project on digital inclusion of marginalised communities in societal 'dead spaces'. 


PhD (nostrified in the UK), Doctorate in Juridical Science (Summa cum Laude) in Comparative Constitutional Law, Central European University 

LLM (Merit) in Maritime Law and International Law, University of London 

LLB (Hons) (2nd Upper Class Hons), University of London

Qualified Barrister & Solicitor of the Bar Council of Malaysia


Besides her role as a lecturer, Pin Lean is also the Director of Exchange and Study Abroad Programs for Brunel Law School. She also serves as the Law Society and Mooting Liaison with the student-led Law Society of Brunel Law School. 

Newest selected publications

Lau, PL., Nandy, M. and Chakraborty, S. (2023) 'Accelerating UN Sustainable Development Goals with AI-Driven Technologies: A Systematic Literature Review of Women’s Healthcare'. Healthcare, 11 (3). pp. 1 - 16. ISSN: 2227-9032 Open Access Link

Journal article

Lau, PL. (2023) 'Addressing Cognitive Vulnerabilities Through Genome and Epigenome Editing: Techno-Legal Adaptations for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities', in Slokenberga, S., Minssen, T. and Nordberg, A. (eds.) Governing, Protecting, and Regulating the Future of Genome Editing The Significance of ELSPI Perspectives. Brill Nijhoff. pp. 85 - 110. ISBN 10: 9004526080. ISBN 13: 9789004526082.

Book chapter

Lau, PL. (2022) 'The Murky Waters of the Metaverse: Addressing Some Key Legal Concerns'. Communications Law, 27 (2). pp. 51 - 101. ISSN: 1746-7616 Open Access Link

Journal article

Lau, PL. (2022) 'An Ecosystem of Interconnectedness: Prioritising Key Legal Concerns in the Metaverse'. The World Financial Review, 2022 (May-June). pp. 98 - 101. ISSN: 1756-3763 Open Access Link

Journal article

Lau, PL. (2022) 'Addressing Cognitive Vulnerabilities Through Genome and Epigenome Editing: Techno-Legal Adaptations for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities'. European Journal of Health Law, 29 (3-5 Special issues (Genome Editing, Health Innovation and Responsible Regulation)). pp. 409 - 434. ISSN: 0929-0273 Open Access Link

Journal article
More publications(19)