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Professor Philip Davies Professor Philip Davies
Professor - Intelligence Studies / Director of BCISS
Although born in England, I took my first two degrees in Canada then returned to pursue my PhD at Reading. After lecturing in Singapore, Reading and the University of Malaya I joined Brunel. On appointment here I co-founded the Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies and developed the MA in Intelligence and Security Studies. In 2008 I took over as BCISS Director, in which capacity I expanded BCISS as a University Interdepartmental Research Centre drawing in full and associate BCISS members from multiple different divisions, departments and colleges across the University. My research is fundamentally practically-oriented, concerned with the nuts and bolts of how intelligence institutions work and their relationships with other, more overt aspects of the machinery of government as well as with international allies and partners. That work has focused mainly on national and defence intelligence functions, concepts and capabilities, looking not just at the UK's intelligence community but also those of the United States of America, India and Malaysia. End-user impact is a central theme in my work, having spent six years leading Brunel's delivery of the basic intelligence assessment course for newly appointed analysts seconded to the European Union Intelligence and Situation Centre (EU INTCEN), and having been centrally involved in crafting the current UK military Joint Intelligence Doctrine. In 2015 I was a member of a consultative panel of academics and other subject matter experts convened as part of the drafting of the 2016 Investigatory Powers Act. I am currently involved in a project on Defence and military counter-intelligence. Most of my research activities focus on my role as Director of the Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies. I am, primarily, a political sociologist specialising in institution-building and organisational design of intelligence agencies and communities. I have an active interest and workstream on comparative intelligence studies, have conducted an intensive comparative study (funded by the Leverhulme Trust) of British and US national intelligence, and written area-studies oriented analyses of intelligence concepts and institutions in Malaysia and India, and collaborated with Kristian Gustafson on agenda-setting work intended to further extend comparative intelligence studies beyond the 'Anglosphere'. Early in the previous decade I was one of the founding architects of a theory of ‘intelligence culture’ as a counterpart to existing theories of strategic, organisational and political culture, and the comparative study of national intelligence systems. I have written on ‘intelligence theory’ and my most recent work is concerned chiefly with on the evolution of concepts, doctrine and professional practice in defence and military intelligence. Postgraduate Programmes Module convenor Intelligence Concepts, Issues and Institution (residential and distance learning) Counterintelligence and Security (residential and distance learning) Administration Director, Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies
Dr Kristian Gustafson Dr Kristian Gustafson
Deputy Head of Department / Divisional Lead / Reader
Dr. Gustafson is Reader in Intelligence & War. He is the Deputy Director of BCISS and runs our very successful Distance Learning MA in Intelligence and Security Studies. After an MA at the University of Alberta, Canada, he moved to the UK to take his PhD at Downing College, Cambridge. Before coming to Brunel, Dr. Gustafson was senior lecturer in War Studies at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. He has served in the Canadian Army and as a Reservist in the British Army, and taught at the Joint Services Command and Staff College of the United Kingdom. Dr. Gustafson has conducted consultancy and advisory work for the MOD's Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre, including an integral role in developing UK Joint Intelligence Doctrine. He has provided other work for the UK Land Warfare Centre, the UK Cabinet Office, and multiple units and formations across the UK military. Dr. Gustafson has delivered professional development courses to multiple Allied and partner organisations, including the EU Intelligence Centre, and the governments of Norway, Latvia, France and the United Arab Emirates. In 2013 he worked as an intelligence advisor for the General Command Police Special Units (GCPSU) of the Afghan Ministry of Interior. Dr. Gustafson focuses on the practical aspects of the intelligence enterprise, and especially in analysis, structured analytical tools, and their application. Recent work has included improving counter-poaching outcomes across Africa by better application of intelligence analysis methods, and he has published work on reducing certain types of gun crime by better forms of analysis. His first book, Hostile Intent: U.S. Covert Operations in Chile, 1964–1974 (2007) is published by Potomac Books, Washington, D.C., and his edited volume Intelligence Elsewhere: Spies and Espionage Outside the Anglosphere (2013, with Prof Philip H.J. Davies) established a new research agenda for comparative work across the intelligence studies academic community. One of his early articles, published in Studies in Intelligence, won in 2003, the CIA’s “Walter L. Pforzheimer Award” for outstanding contribution to the history of intelligence. Postgraduate Programmes Programme convenor MA Intelligence and Security Studies (Distance Learning) Module convenor Contemporary Threats & Intelligence Analysis (On-campus & Distance) Classical & Medieval European Warfare Administration Programme Director, BSc Professional Policing Practice Programme Director, MA Intelligence & Security Studies (DL) Director of Studies, MA Intelligence & Security Studies (On-campus & DL)
Dr Richard Hammond Dr Richard Hammond
Senior Lecturer in War Studies
I am a Senior Lecturer in the History and Politics Division. Prior to this I held positions at King's College London and the Universities of Portsmouth and Exeter. I received my PhD from the University of Exeter in 2012, which focused on the conduct and impact of the Allied anti-shipping campaign in the Mediterranean during the Second World War. My first monograph, Strangling the Axis: The Fight for Control of the Mediterranean during the Second World War, is based on a significant expansion of my doctoral research and was published with Cambridge University Press in 2020. I have published numerous articles in journals including War in History (2018), The International History Review (2017), the Journal of Military History (2016), the Journal of Strategic Studies (2013) and Air Power Review (2013). Two of these have been awarded prestigious prizes: the Corbett Prize in Modern Naval History (Proxime Accessit) by the Institute for Historical Research and a Moncado Prize by the Society for Military History. I am also a Vice President of the Second World War Research Group (swwresearch.com) and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. I have recently published my first monograph, based on a significant expansion of my doctoral thesis. It assesses the impact of the Allied anti-shipping campaign in the Mediterranean during the Second World War on the Axis ability to wage war in the theatre effectively. I have also begun research on a project examining the compexities of military co-operation between the Allies and the Italian 'Kingdom of the South' durng the so-called 'co-belligerency' phase of 1943-45. PX2603 - Historians and their Craft (Level 5) PP3610 - From Gibraltar to Suez: Britain and the Mediterranean, 1704-1956 (Level 6) PP5580 - The Second World War (Level 7) PX5601 - The Royal Navy in the Twentieth Century (Level 7)
Professor Matthew Hughes Professor Matthew Hughes
Professor of Military History
Matthew Hughes studied at the School of Oriental and African Studies and at the London School of Economics. He completed his ESRC-funded PhD in 1995 under the supervision of Professors Brian Bond and Brian Holden Reid in the Department of War Studies, King’s College London on the strategy surrounding the British campaign in Palestine in the First World War in Palestine. He has a PGCE in History from Cardiff University. After working as an intern with the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Professor Hughes lectured at the universities of Northampton and Salford before coming to Brunel University in 2005, where he was Head of Politics and History, 2012-15. Professor Hughes has been a British Academy funded visiting fellow at the American University in Cairo, the American University in Beirut, and at Tel Aviv University. He spent two years as the Marine Corps University Foundation-funded Maj-Gen Matthew C. Horner Distinguished Chair in Military Theory at the US Marine Corps University, Quantico, 2008-10. His latest monograph on British counter-insurgency in Palestine in the 1930s entitled Britain's Pacification of Palestine: the British Army, the Colonial State, and the Arab Revolt, 1936-1939 (2019, paperback edition 2020) published with Cambridge University Press was a 'commended' finalist for the 2019 Society for Army Historical Research Templer Medal Prize, was long listed for the British Army Military Book of the Year 2020, and has been translated into Arabic by the Centre for Arab Unity Studies. He was the editor of the Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research (2004-8); he is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and a former Councillor and then Chair of Council of the Army Records Society (2014-18); he is a judge for the Society for Army Historical Research's annual Templer Medal prize (2003-4, 2007-8, 2018-); and he sits on the editorial boards of the British Journal of Military History and Middle Eastern Studies, and is a judge for the latter's annual Elie Kedourie Prize. He has been an external examiner at Strathcylde, JSCSC, KCL, Sussex, Kent, Buckingham, Northampton, Cambridge and Wolverhampton; he was a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Buckingham, 2016-20; he is currently an external examiner for the Higher Diploma awarded by Maynooth University to the Junior Command and Staff Course with the Military College, Irish Defence Forces, and for the BA International Relations at Loughborough University. Qualifications: BA Geography and History (SOAS) 1988 MSc (Econ) International Relations (LSE) 1989 PhD War Studies (King's College London) 1995 PGCE History (Cardiff) 1991 Matthew Hughes is interested in war and history broadly understood, and after finishing a funded-project examining British methods of colonial pacification and counter-insurgency, with particular reference to Palestine in the British Mandate period, he is now examining British operations in Borneo during Confrontation, with funding from the A.V.B. Norman Trust. Undergraduate Programmes Module convenor PX1608 Total War in the Modern Era PX1607 Makers of Modern Strategy PP5572 War in History Administration Deputy Divisional Lead Subject Library Officer
Dr John Macmillan Dr John Macmillan
Senior Lecturer in International Relations
The inter-disciplinary nature of International Relations has, for me, always been one of the most stimulating features of the subject. Whilst IR has long professed a strong core narrative of what distinguishes the field the most interesting work in the subject combines insights from a range of disciplinary traditions, whether History, Philosophy, Law, Political Economy, or Political Theory. It is this interdisciplinary character that enables a particularly rich analysis of the ‘big’ questions that IR addresses. For example, in the final year of my own undergraduate study I was struck by the proposition that stable liberal democracies rarely if ever went to war against each other. My subsequent research in this area combined the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, critical insights from Marxist inspired traditions, and a strong historical – or empirical – interest in specific interstate relationships culminating either in heightened conflict or the creation and maintenance of peaceful relations. More recently I have been interested in the question of liberal state ‘intervention’ and in particular variation and trends in intervention over time. This has involved engaging with historical sociological and post-colonial perspectives as well as more established traditions within the discipline such as the English School ‘international society’ tradition. In this respect, matters of contextualisation and perspective are as important for allowing an individual to see the world in its richness and complexity as they are for understanding why it is that the members of international society frequently see the world in very different ways. Qualifications: DPhil International Relations (Oxford) BA International Relations (Keele) I am interested in history and theory of both the particular peace-proneness and the use of force by liberal states (democracies). Initially the focus of this interest was on the Democratic Peace proposition but more recently the focus has been more on liberal state intervention. Undergraduate Programmes Module convenor Globalisation and Governance (Yr 3) Postgraduate Programmes Programme convenor MA International Relations Module convenor Evolution of International Relations War in Politics: Democracy, War and InterventionDissertation and Research Skills in International Relations Administration Part-time Staff Liaison Coordinator
Professor Matthew Seligmann Professor Matthew Seligmann
Professor of Naval History
I Joined Brunel as a Reader in 2012 and became a professor in 2015. I am a specialist on intelligence, threat assessment, security, armaments races and the the origins of modern wars. My main focus is on how the the British government responded to the German challenge in the first decades of the twentieth century, with particular emphasis on the naval competition between the two countries. I have published widely on these topics, including authoring or co-authoring over ten books, many book chapters and numerous articles and reviews. My teaching tends to focus on questions of intelligence, security and conflict, but I am also interested in how we (individually and as societies) fashion a past useful for the purposes of the present. My current research focuses on the Royal Navy during the era of the Anglo-German antagonism. As a result, I write books and articles that are mostly about British naval policy, armaments races, espionage, battleship building and naval strategy. One of these articles, a study of the origins and creation of the Home Fleet in 1902, won the Julian Corbett Prize, the UK’s principal award for excellence in Naval History. Module convenor PP1607 The Problem of the Past (Yr 1) PX2604 First World War (Yr 2) Administration WAM Coordinator, Politics and History. Academic Exchanges Coordinator, Politics and History.
Dr Steven Wagner Dr Steven Wagner
Senior Lecturer in International Security
I am an historian of intelligence, security, empire and the modern Middle East. Before coming to Brunel, I was a SSHRC postdoctoral fellow in the Department of History and Classical Studies at McGill University, Montreal. I received my DPhil from the University of Oxford, and my BA and MA from the University of Calgary. Since 2007, I have been looking at records declassified records in the UK, USA, and Israel which shed new light on the story of the Palestine Mandate, but also on the previously unknown role of intelligence in countering terrorism & insurgency, and in shaping British policy. Qualifications: DPhil – University of Oxford MA – University of Calgary BA – University of Calgary Broadly speaking, my research covers the relationship between intelligence, state and society, and how intelligence services influenced the emergence of the Modern Middle East. Since 2007, I have studied declassified records in the UK, USA, and Israel which shed new light on the story of the Palestine Mandate, but also on the previously unknown role of intelligence in countering terrorism & insurgency, and in shaping British policy. Specifically, he has focused on how intelligence shaped Britain's thirty year rule in Palestine, and its impact upon the Arab-Zionist conflict.
Dr Steve Pickering Dr Steve Pickering
I'm the Director of Undergraduate Programmes in the Division of Politics and History. I am responsible for the following degree programmes: BSc (Hons) Politics BSc (Hons) International Politics BA (Hons) History BA (Hons) Military and International History BSc (Hons) Politics and History BSc (Hons) Politics and Sociology BSc (Hons) International Relations and History I completed my Ph.D. at the University of Lancaster in 2010. Since then, I have held positions at the Department of Government, University of Essex, and Kobe University, Japan. Qualifications: PhD International Relations, Lancaster I try to apply new methods to understand old problems. My work covers several inter-related themes, including mountains and conflict, borders and conflict, maps and conflict, big data, social media and elections, the decline of war, measuring infrastructure and geospatial analysis. Undergraduate Programmes As an indication of how I teach, see this video: Module convenor PP1069: Introduction to World Politics (Yr 1) PP2612: War and Geography PP2611 Explaining Politics: Quantitative Political Science in Practice PP3609 Advanced Applied Quantitative Methods Postgraduate Programmes PP5607: China and Contemporary Geopolitics Administration Director of Undergraduate Programmes

Doctoral Researchers

Mr Michael Joel Mr Michael Joel
PhD Student
US Marine Corps Intervention in Lebanon, 1958
Dr Iain Farquharson Dr Iain Farquharson
Lecturer in Global Challenges
My research interests focus on military history in the first half of the Twentieth Century. Current work focuses on the development and change of education and training within the British and Imperial armies. In addition I am undertaking research into the application of multi-disciplinary (primarily Sociological) theories of culture and institutional innovation to the study of military culture and how militaries respond to and assimilate reforms to fundimental aspects of their cultural norms.
Mr Joe Eshun Mr Joe Eshun
PhD Student
Joe has over 12 years experience as an Intelligence Professional and has worked across all three sectors thus, the public, private and the third sectors. He worked for three different Police Forces in the past. These include the Northamptonshire Police’s Criminal Investigations Department (CID), City of London Police’s Force Intelligence Bureau (FIB) and Metropolitan Police’s Criminal Finance Team (CFT). In addition, Joe worked on some National Security – related projects funded by the Office for Security & Counter Terrorism (OSCT) in the past. One of those projects was the 2012 Olympics, of which Joe was a member of the Olympics Intelligence Team; and was based at the Counter – Terrorism & Serous Crime Directorate of the City of London Police. Subsequently, Joe also worked as a Civil Servant, and was the Counter – Terrorism Intelligence Analyst based at the Counter – Terrorism Specialism Division of the Charity Commission; which was another OSCT funded National Security – related project. Part of Joe’s previous experience was working as a Strategic Intelligence Analyst for the Global Counter – Fraud Department of Oxfam GB and was responsible for threat assessing over 50 countries in conflict zones across the globe. Currently, Joe leads and manages an Intelligence and Threat Assessment Team within the Corporate Security and Travel Safety Department of a Private Sector company called TJX. TJX Companies is a leading off-price retailer with global outreach and can boast of over $35 billion in revenues. Joe set-up the Intelligence and Threat Assessment Team of this company from scratch. Currently, the Team threat assesses all political and security – related challenges across the globe at the operational, tactical and strategic levels; especially in every country where the business has footprint. These are done to help anticipate and mitigate against threats that might have potential impacts on business activities, through recommending control strategies. Academic Qualifications Ø Certificate in Terrorism Studies - University of St. Andrews, Scotland. Ø BA Hons Social Sciences - Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. Ø MA Intelligence and Security Studies - University of Salford, Greater Manchester. Ø PhD Candidate - Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies, Brunel University Professional Qualifications Ø Certificate Crime Investigations Training Course - CID Training Village of Northamptonshire Police. Ø Certificate in Intelligence Analyst Training Course: Accredited to UK National Analyts Working Group - Research and Intelligence Support Centre ((RISC) at Wyboston. Ø Open Source Intelligence Certificate at the Centre of Excellence in the City of London Police. Ø Data Communication Training Course - Police Headquarters in Wakefield. First Supervisor: Professor Phil Davies Second Supervisor: Dr. Kristian Gustafson Counter-Intelligence Counter–Terrorism Sub – Saharan Africa Political & Security Landscape Intelligence in Emerging Democracies Corporate Espionage


Our scholars are leaders in their field, as evidenced in the many fellowships and prizes they have won. Hammond has won a prestigious Ridgeway Fellowship of the United States Army Heritage and Education Centre as well as the Moncado Prize for his article in Journal of Military History, and the Corbett Prize in Modern Naval History. Hughes’ book ‘Britain's Pacification of Palestine’ won third (bronze) prize in the Society for Army Historical Research annual Templer Medal competition for 2019. Richterova has won the Best Student Paper Award from the Intelligence Studies Section of the International Studies Association. We also demonstrate our contribution to the profession through leadership in professional bodies. For example, Hammond is Vice President of the Second World War Research Group; Davies and Wagner are both on the steering committee of the Oxford Intelligence group; Seligmann is a Council member of the Navy Records Society; Richterova is on the steering committee of the British Study Group on Intelligence; and Gustafson is on the steering committee of the Cambridge Intelligence Seminar.

Our staff also regularly appear in the media, such as on the BBC World Service. Hughes has acted as a historical consultant for numerous TV programmes, including the BBC’s ‘Who do you think you are?’ or a ‘Battle of Crete 1941’ programme for distribution on History Channel UK and several international TV stations.