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What makes voters more or less willing to vote online?

We use a unique survey experiment to assess the effect of information about who delivers the online ballot; and which groups of voters are more likely to take up the option of online voting. Voters are much more favourable if it is associated with a public body than a well-regarded private sector company.

We also find a clear relationship between online activity in the personal world and a willingness to vote online.

Those that expose themselves to greater potential online risk in their personal lives are likely to favour having the option to cast their ballot online, but those who perceive more risk are only likely to do so if they receive additional information about the purported advantages of online voting. Who delivers, and perception of online risk are key to understanding when voters are more willing to cast their ballot online.

Learn more about our work on modernising voting and elections


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Modernising Elections and Delivering Electoral Integrity


Contact our experts

Building on this work, we have collaborated with Brunel Computer Science to develop and test a prototype i-voting app to better understand voters' opinions, and what they think of i-voting amongst the existing options to vote in person and by post. Findings coming soon - for any questions please contact

<span class='contactname'>Dr Manu Savani</span>
Dr Manu Savani Email Dr Manu Savani
Senior Lecturer in Behavioural Public Policy/ ODA member
<span class='contactname'>Professor Justin Fisher</span>
Professor Justin Fisher Email Professor Justin Fisher
Director of Policy Unit / Professor of Political Science