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International law experts in our group


Dr Patricia Hobbs Dr Patricia Hobbs
Senior Lecturer in Public International Law
Patricia Hobbs is a Lecturer in Law at Brunel University. Before joining Brunel University, Patricia was Associate Lecturer/GTA at the University of Manchester, and before that she was a teaching assistant at Newcastle Law School. She was awarded a fully funded studentship by the University of Manchester to study for her PhD, successfully defended in 2012. Her doctoral thesis focused on the relationship between the Rome Statute and the principle of state sovereignty, with a particular emphasis on the Kenya situation and the crimes perpetrated following the 2008 elections. Her research and publications focus on the effectiveness of the International Criminal Court in dealing with the complexities arising from the prosecution of international crimes, from the immunity of a sitting President to fair trial procedures. Patricia has been a regular judge in the mooting competitions organised by the Brunel Law Society, and in 2014 she served as a judge in the UK national rounds of the Telders International Law Moot Court Competition. Patricia’s research interests lie in the areas of international criminal law, international human rights law, international public law and international humanitarian law. Her interest in international criminal justice and the never again narrative provide the platform for her research interests, although the reality of international law provides the underlying backdrop for the development and progression of her research. Patricia has a strong interest in evaluating the effectiveness of the International Criminal Court in light of the challenges and limitations posed by the principle of state sovereignty. Moreover, the relatively new criminal justice machinery, established by the Rome Statute regime, is also facing procedural challenges regarding rights of fair trial, an issue that is closely related to the Court’s legitimacy. This is the subject of her next article, ‘The right to fair trial and judicial economy at the International Criminal Court’. Undergraduate teaching Criminal Law (Module Convenor) Postgraduate teaching International Criminal Law (Module Convenor) International Humanitarian Law (Module Convenor) Public International Law
Dr Solon Solomon Dr Solon Solomon
Lecturer in Law
Solon Solomon is Lecturer in the Division of Public and International Law and co-Director of the Brunel University London International Law Group. He has served as member of the Knesset Legal Department on international and constitutional issues and has held visiting/sessional lectureship or teaching fellowship positions in a number of academic institutions including King's College London Dickson Poon School of Law, the University of Reading and SOAS. He has also been a visiting scholar at Tel Aviv University, at Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin and at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law. Dr Solomon holds a PhD from King’s College London Dickson Poon School of Law, an LLM in Public International Law from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he was recipient of the George Weber Award, and a First-Class Honors Bachelor of Laws from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Author of The Justiciability of International Disputes (WLP, 2009) cited before the Permanent Court of Arbitration and co-editor of the volume Applying International Humanitarian Law in Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Bodies: International and Domestic Aspects (TMC Asser Press, 2014), Dr Solomon sits on the Editorial Board of the Military Law and the Law of War Review, published under the auspices of the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War. With his research on civilian mental harm in warfare most recently appearing in the Journal of International Dispute Settlement and in the Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Dr Solomon has published in a number of international law journals and reviews, including the Chinese Journal of International Law, the Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law and the German Law Journal. He has talked in a number of academic venues, including the University of Cambridge, the Harvard Law School, the University of Melbourne and the Australian National University and his opinions have been cited or hosted in outlets such as the Times of London, the Financial Times, The Independent, the Straits Times, der Tagesspiegel and Haaretz. Dr Solomon's research interest focuses on how human rights issues develop in the public and in the international legal sphere and the intersection of human rights law either with constitutional law on a domestic level or with other fields such as humanitarian law, international criminal law and refugee law on a global scale. Equally, on how the human rights discourse and particularly socio-economic rights and the right to mental health, can interact with disciplines beyond the legal world, such as psychology and psychiatry.


Dr Elena Abrusci Dr Elena Abrusci
Lecturer in Law
Elena joined Brunel in 2021 as Lecturer in Law. Prior to that, she worked as a Policy Advisor on Digital Regulation at the UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and as a Senior Research Officer at the University of Essex on the ESRC-funded 'The Human Rights, Big Data and Technology Project'. Elena has also extensively worked on modern slavery and human trafficking at the Rights Lab of the University of Nottingham and at Walk Free Foundation, contributing to the 2017, 2018 and 2019 editions of the Global Slavery Index. She acted as a consultant for several UN agencies (including WHO, UNESCO and OHCHR), tech companies and governments. Elena has an interdisciplinary background in law and politics and her research focuses on regional human rights systems and the impact of AI and technology on human rights. She holds a PhD in Law from the University of Nottingham, a Master in International Relations and Law from the University of Florence and Sciences-Po Paris, a postgraduate diploma in Politics from Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies (Pisa) and an undergraduate degree in Politics and International Relations from the University of Pisa. Her PhD thesis explored the issues of judicial convergence and fragmentation in International Human Rights Law, looking at the case-law of the African, European and Inter-American human rights court and has been published as a monograph by Cambridge University Press in December 2023. Elena's research interests include: regional human rights systems, their institutional settings and case-law; the impact of emerging technologies and artificial intelligence on human rights, online content moderation with a specific focus on disinformation/misinformation and online hate speech; digital regulation and AI governance. LX3072 - International Human Rights Law (module convenor) LX1032 - Public Law LX2081 - European Union Law LX3608 - Law, Science and Technology PP3665 - Parliamentary Studies
Mr Gerard Conway Mr Gerard Conway
Senior Lecturer & Professional Liaison Tutor
I have taught law at Brunel since 2007. From 2007-2010, I held a Lectureship in Public Law at Brunel sponsored by the City Solicitors' Educational Trust. My PhD research, which I commenced at Queen's University Belfast and completed at Brunel University, was supported by a fees scholarship from the Department of Education & Learning of Northern Ireland (2005-2008) and by a Modern Law Review Doctoral Scholarship (2006-2008). During 2005-2006, I worked as one of a group of researchers under Prof. Tom Hadden of the School of Law of Queen’s University Belfast on a research contract with the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, on the topic of minority representation in the criminal justice sector. Research based on work for my Master’s degree was published in a number of journals, including the European Journal of International Law and the International Criminal Law Review. I worked as a lecturer in law at Leeds Metropolitan University (now Leeds Beckett University) from 2006-2007 and was a tutor in law in Jurisprudence at Queen's University Belfast in 2005-2006. I have also been a visiting lecturer in international law on the LL.M programme at the University of Buckingham in 2009-2010 and an associate lecturer at Greenwich School of Management from 2013-2018. Prior to becoming an academic, I worked for almost three years as a legal research officer in the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions of Ireland (2002-2005); as a judicial researcher to the judges of the Ciruit, High and Supreme Courts of Ireland in the Judges' Library in Ireland (2001-2002 for seven months); and as a legal trainee in Legal Division of the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs (for six months in 2001-2002). The role and legal reasoning of the European Court of Justice Legal reasoning of international courts The relationship between the European Union and the Council of Europe Governance of migration in Europe Comparative criminal law and justice, especially the role of prosecutors Jurisprudence; Land Law; Public Law; European Union Law; Comparative Criminal Justice Student Support Director of the CPE/GDL Professional Liaison Representive
Dr Louise Forde Dr Louise Forde
Lecturer in Law
Louise joined Brunel Law School in September 2020. Her research interests lie primarily in the areas of youth justice and children's rights law. Louise holds a PhD in Law from University College Cork, awarded in 2018. During the course of her PhD, she was awarded a Government of Ireland Postgraduate Scholarship from the Irish Research Council, and the President James Slattery Prize in Law from the School of Law in UCC, for her research entitled “’Welfare’ and ‘justice’ in Irish youth justice: A Children’s Rights Analysis of Diverse Approaches to Youth Justice”. She also holds an LLM (Research), LLM (Criminal Justice), and BCL from the School of Law, UCC, and has completed a Higher Diploma in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education and a Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. Between 2018-2020, Louise was a postdoctoral researcher at the Centre for Children’s Rights and Family Law in the School of Law, UCC, where she also lectured on modules including Child Law, International Human Rights Law and Juvenile Justice. She was a visiting lecturer in Leiden Law School in 2019. She has been published in Youth Justice: An International Journal, and has authored reports for bodies such as Save the Children, the Irish Penal Reform Trust, and other governmental and non-governmental bodies. She recently contributed to the UN Global Study on Children Deprived of their Liberty. She was appointed to the editorial board of Youth Justice: An International Journal in 2019. Louise's primary research interests lie in the area of youth justice and international children's rights law. She is particularly interested in the ways in which international children's rights principles can be used to develop domestic law and policy. She has a keen interest in children's participation, and is interested in conducting research that includes participatory methods with children and which values the contribution that can be made by listening to children's voices and experiences. Evidence Law Sentencing & Penology Criminal Law
Dr Pin Lean Lau Dr Pin Lean Lau
Lecturer in Bio Law
Pin Lean is a Lecturer in Bio-Law at Brunel Law School, joining Brunel University London in January 2021. A former practising barrister and solicitor, she was a corporate-commercial attorney working primarily in corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions, technology law, and general corporate advisory matters. Prior to joining Brunel University, she was an attorney on secondment with the Legal Services Team (based in Belgrave, London) in the General Counsel's Organization of American Express International, where she was a key senior legal counsel for the Asia-Pacific region. Pin Lean is the General Manager of the Centre for Artificial Intelligence: Social & Digital Innovations. She is an active member of the Brunel International Law Research Group, Living Avatars Research Group, the Human Rights, Society and the Arts Research Group, and Reproduction Research Group. Externally, she is part of the ELSI2.0 Workspace, an international collaboratory on genomics and society research; a member of the European Association of Health Law (EAHL), and a General Manager of the Interest Group on Supranational Bio-Law of the EAHL; and a member of the Daughters of Themis: International Network of Female Business Scholars. She has held visiting fellowships with the Centre for Health, Law and Emerging Technologies (HeLEX), NDPH (Medical Sciences Division), University of Oxford; the Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences (CELLs) at the University of Hannover, Germany; and participated in the Centre for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine (CELAB) in Central European University, Hungary. She is also a member of the newly launched global Responsible Metaverse Alliance. Her research encompasses European, international, and comparative law for genome editing (with a focus on pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, reproductive technologies and women's bodies; and the proliferation of virulent gene-edited pathogens and global bio-security); propertization and commodification studies of genetic materials and biomedical technologies; the ethico-legal governance for artificial intelligence (AI) systems (with a focus on protection of fundamental rights, spatial 'body citizenship' and bio-constitutional implications of the AI-augmented biological human body, and AI in women's health); and technologies horizon scanning and legal future foresighting for new and emerging technologies and environments, such as the Metaverse. She has written widely on topics straddling the fringes of laws, technologies and society, and has been invited as a speaker by many national and international organisations, including on podcasts relating to technologies, and media interviews with news organisations in the UK, US, France, Germany, Brazil, Hungary, Malaysia, Japan, and India. Recently, she was invited as an expert panelist by the UK regulatory alliance, the Digital Cooperation Regulation Forum (DRCF) in its first Metaverse Symposium. She has also consulted as an expert with the UK Law Society on technologies and horizon scanning in its Future Worlds 2050 Project. Pin Lean previously consulted on a multi-trust funded project for the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the OiE (World Organization for Animal Health), on developing and piloting of a Tripartite One Health Assessment Tool for Antimicrobial Resistance Relevant Legislation. She also completed a project with researchers from the EAHL to produce a Joint Statement for the European Commission's 2021 Thematic Networks, with a proposal for Health as a Fundamental Value, as part of the EU Pharmaceutical Strategy. She led a project on AI-driven technologies in women's healthcare, funded by the Institute for Communities & Society. Besides this, she is also working on several book projects, including health and IP rights in EU health law, and EU health databases: Eudravigilance; Eudamed; Clinical Trials database; and Eudra-GDP database for the Oxford University Press Encyclopaedia on EU Health Law; on the EU Draft Law for Artificial Intelligence and data protection; and on AI gender data gap and data feminism in women's healthcare. She is also a contributor in the EuroGCT Project (European Gene & Cell Therapy Project) funded by the European Commission's Horizon 2020 Work Programme, contributing in the area of data misuse and mission creep in EU health laws relating to patient involvement and patient data. She is currently leading a project, together with civil society organisation, Health Action International, to produce a Joint Statement and policy recommendations for the European Commission 2022 Thematic Networks, on the impact of artificial intelligence on health outcomes (reducing health inequalities) of marginalised groups in the EU. She is also a co-investigator in a project on digital inclusion of marginalised communities in societal 'dead spaces'. Pin Lean's research interests encompass European, international and comparative law for genome editing (with a focus on pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, reproductive technologies and women's bodies; and the proliferation of virulent gene-edited pathogens and global bio-security); propertization and commodication studies and debates of genetic materials and biomedical technologies; and the ethico-legal governance of AI systems (with a focus on AI in healthcare, and the protection of individual rights and fundamental liberties in AI, spatial 'body citizenship', and bio-constitutional concerns of the AI-augmented biological human body; and AI, gender data gap and data feminism in women's healthcare); and technologies horizon scanning and legal future foresighting for new and emerging technologies and environments, such as the Metaverse. Contract Law Tort Law Artificial Intelligence, Ethics and Law Artificial Intelligence, Bias and Power Law, Science, and Technology Studies (genome editing technologies)
Dr Colin Luoma Dr Colin Luoma
Lecturer in Law
Colin joined Brunel Law School as a Lecturer in 2021. Prior to joining Brunel, he was a Legal Researcher with Minority Rights Group International and a civil litigation attorney working in private practice. Colin earned his PhD in connection with his thesis entitled 'Indigenous Cultural Rights Violations and Transitional Justice in the Settler Colonial State'. His doctoral research analysed the treatment of indigenous peoples’ cultural rights violations in transitional justice initiatives implemented in settler colonial states. More broadly, his research is focused on the intersections between indigenous and minority rights and transitional justice, historical wrongdoing, and environmental justice. Land Law Legal Skills and Method Multiculturalism and Human Rights
Dr Isabella Mancini Dr Isabella Mancini
Lecturer in Law
Isabella Mancini joined Brunel Law School as a lecturer in law in 2021. She holds a PhD from the City Law School (City, University of London), where she was a Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher on the EU-funded Horizon 2020 Network ‘EU Trade and Investment Policy’ (EUTIP). Her thesis, 'A Deep Trade Agenda for Fundamental Rights: Framing Fundamental Rights for the new generation EU Trade Agreements with other Developed Countries', explored mechanisms for the protection of labour rights and data protection rights, in the context of far-reaching trade agreements concluded between the EU and other developed countries. Her research expertise and publications cover areas of EU external relations, EU trade policy, international trade law and policy, labour rights, data protection rights, and global economic governance. She also maintains a strong interest in UK-EU relations, and the role of parliaments and civil society in EU trade law- and policy-making. Isabella Mancini is co-editor, with Prof. Elaine Fahey (City Law School), of Understanding the EU as a Good Global Actor: Ambitions, Values and Metrics' (Edward Elgar 2022). She was part of the ESRC-funded project on the UK-EU-Japan relations on trade, regulation and IP (TRILATTRADE), working with scholars at City Law School and Keio University. She is also involved in the Erasmus+ Project on the CETA Implementation and Implications Project (CIIP) led by Prof. Robert Finbow at Dalhousie University, in Halifax, Canada. During her doctoral studies, Isabella was a visiting scholar at the Egmont Institute (Brussels), at the Asser Institute (The Hague), and at the Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance (ACELG, Amsterdam). She worked as a Teaching Assistant at the EUI and as an intern at the European Parliament Liaison Office in London. EU external relations law EU trade policy Fundamental rights Labour rights Data protection rights International trade law and policy Global economic governance UK-EU relations Parliaments and civil society Employment Law (module convenor) The Law of Trusts Law of the European Union
Dr Lisa Mardikian Dr Lisa Mardikian
Senior Lecturer in Property Law
Lisa joined Brunel Law School as Lecturer in June 2019. Prior to coming to Brunel, she was Lecturer at the University of Portsmouth and Teaching Assistant at the University of Bristol. Her research interests lie on economic rights under international and European Union law and on the role that law plays in structuring economic relations. Her work focuses on the intersection of global governance, European integration and international law. Lisa obtained her PhD without corrections on 'Transformations in the Law of Economic Self-determination: a Global Governance Perspective' from the University of Bristol. Her research examined how major changes in international law and forms of transnational economic activity have had an impact on the content and function of economic self-determination following the end of the Cold War. In 2021, Lisa was a visiting research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. She has been a visiting lecturer at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and Panteion University in Athens. UG Law of Trusts (module convenor) UG Land Law PG International Dispute Settlement
Dr Marcus De Matos Dr Marcus De Matos
Lecturer in Law
Marcus V. A. B. de Matos is a Lecturer in the Division of Public and International Law since July 2021. Dr De Matos holds a PhD in Law from Birkbeck, University of London, fully funded by a CAPES Foundation Overseas Scholarship (0999-12-1), a MRes in Human Rights and a Bachelor’s degree in Law from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). He is an Honorary Member at the Institute of Brazilian Lawyers (IAB), and currently a Guest Lecturer at the State Attorney’s Office (PGE/RJ) Professional Postgraduate School, where he teaches Legal Theory classes in the Public Law Programme. Before joining Brunel he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the National School of Law in the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), funded by the Brazilian National Council of Research (CNPq). Previously he was Director of Teaching Programmes at the Judicial School in the High Labour Courts in Rio de Janeiro (TRT/RJ); Advisor to the State Secretariat for Human Rights in Rio de Janeiro (SEASDH); Visiting Researcher at the Institute for Social Sciences (ICS) in the University of Lisbon; Associate Tutor at Birkbeck College; and Part-time teacher at the London School of Economics (LSE). His research interests broadly revolve around Public Law & Legal Theory, Law & Humanities and Human Rights & Public Policy. His research offers an innovative approach of the notion of sovereignty, moving beyond the indeterminacy and agonism of legal and state forms to demonstrate the limits and the links between modern law and the aesthetic construction of the subject. He has lately been engaged in two research projects: an investigation on human rights & religion, a memory and truth project focusing on Christian leaders who were arrested and persecuted during the Brazilian Military Dictatorship (1964-1985), and currently funded by the Institute of Communities and Societies; and "Living Avatars," an interdisciplinary project studing digital avatars and currently funded by the Brunel Research Interdisciplinary Lab (BRIL). His most recent publications are the Award-Winner monograph “Imagens da América Latina: mídia, cultura e direitos humanos” (winner of the ABEU Prize as best monograph published in 2021); the journal article "When the rooster insists on crowing: church, state and human rights in contemporary Brazil" (Journal of Latin American Theology, 2020); and a blog post to Critical Legal Thinking: "Jesus fights back: Easter torture & Reverse racism". He has been awarded an Honourable Mention by José Bonifácio Academic Foundation (FUJB) and has been the recipient of several grants by academic and government funding bodies such as the Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities, the Brazilian Ministry of Education, the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology, the National Secretariat of Human Rights (SDH), and the Harvard Institute for Global Law and Policy (IGLP). Dr De Matos has worked as a researcher and consultant proving academic and legal advice to third sector organisations such as the Institute for the Study of Religion (ISER), World Vision, Tearfund, and Rede FALE. He currently collaborates with Peace and Hope Brazil and is a founding member of RECAP - a popular legal network that freely provides legal & advocacy support for individuals and organizations on pressing human rights cases in Brazil. He tweets in Portuguese and English from @mvdematos. My research is focused on the notion of state sovereignty as a founding paradox in legal and constitutional theory. I have developed a visual investigation on the notion of sovereignty by taking it not only as a founding concept of modern legal theory, but also as a trope: a special kind of narrative, illustrated, capable of being modernized, and yet maintaining its initial trends; one that is foundational and colonial, and capable of institutionalizing sovereigns and subjecting subjects. My research discusses the problematic relation between law and image from the analysis of digital pictures of torture and surveillance produced by contemporary films, social media and government agencies. It is based on methodological approaches developed in the fields of critical legal studies and visual culture studies and proposes a new iconocritical method to analyse the entanglement of aesthetics and authority in the functions of the role of images and the rule of law. This has led me to investigate different ways in which legal subjectivity can be designed to accommodate notions of state sovereignty that are supposed to be incompatible with democracy and the rule of law - such as in transitional, post-colonial or authoritarian political contexts. I am particularly interested in the collusion of legal, political, native and theological conceptions of sovereignty in Latin American, African and Iberian countries. A second strand of my research incorporates my government-based work experience in human rights and public policies. I am interested in issues such as constitutional & political freedom, memory & truth, separation of powers, freedom of speech and religion; protection of witnesses, journalists and human rights activist; equality, native rights and racism; slavery, human trafficking, torture and surveillance. I am also interested in understanding how technique and technology currently affect these issues and their legal and political contexts. I currently co-lead two Research Groups: Human Rights, Society and Arts Living Avatars I have recently worked on two funded seed projects: "Human Rights & Religion: the legacy of the Brazilian 1962 North-Eastern Conference for public theology and democracy", funded by Brunel Institute of Communities and Societies (£ 7,200). "Living avatars: projections of self, others and power," funded by BRIL, the Brunel Research Interdisciplinary Lab (£ 2,000) I am currently an international collaborator to the Fazenda da Posse Project - The History of Brazilian Justice: delivering judgment and evidence in Barra Mansa City trials (1920-1988). This is a project lead by State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), and funded by FAPERJ, CAPES and Barra Mansa City Council Culture Foundation. Public Law Land Law Parliamentary Studies
Professor Javaid Rehman Professor Javaid Rehman
Professor - Law
Professor Javaid Rehman Javaid Rehman is a Professor of Law at Brunel University London. He was formerly a Professor of Law at the Transitional Justice Institute, Ulster University (2002 - 2005) and lecturer and Senior Lecturer at the Law School University of Leeds (1996 - 2002). Professor Rehman is the former Head of Brunel Law School (2009 - 2013), Senior Manager, Member of Brunel Senate (2009 - 2013) and the founding Director of the Centre for Security, Media and Human Rights, interdisciplinary Brunel University Research Centre (2008 - 2015). In July 2018, Professor Rehman was elected by the United Nations Human Rights Council as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights Situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Between 2019-2021, he acted as a member of the Coordination Committee of the Special Procedures United Nations Human Rights Office. Professor Rehman has a distinguished academic career with considerable achievements: he has over 180 publications, which includes 20 authored, co-authored and edited books. His magnum opus, International Human Rights Law (longman, 2010, pp. 1020) is regarded as one of the most authoritative and comprehmensive analysis of the subject. His other books include Unravelling Religious Moralities (Hart Publishing 2022), Rule of Law, Freedom of Expression and Islamic Law (co-authored, Hart Publishing, 2018), Islamic State Practices, International Law and the Threat from Terrorism (Hart Publishing, 2005) and Terrorism and International Law (Co-editor, Oxford University Press, 2011). Professor Rehman has published in several of the leading academic journals including the Human Rights Quarterly, the German Yearbook of International Law, Irish Studies in International Affairs, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, International Journal of Law, Family and Policy, Fordham International Law Journal etc. Several of his publications have been translated into various languages including German, Japanese, French, Persian, Arabic and Urdu. Professor Rehman is the General Coordinating Editor and Editor-in-Chief of the Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (Brill) and Routledge's Islamic Law in Context Series and Comparative Constitutionalism in Muslim Majority States. He was previously the editor of the Asian Yearbook of International Law and the Journal of Islamic States Practices in International Law. Professor Rehman has supervised 25 doctoral candidates and has examined over 150 doctoral candidates in various jurisdictions. Professor Rehman has been a visiting Professor and external examiner at various leading institutions including Emory University (USA), International Islamic University (Malaysia), Oxford University, Belfast and Manchester University (UK). Amongst his over 200 public lecturers, Professor Rehman has addressed the senior judiciary in the UK, the Supreme Court of Pakistan and high-level policy makers and engaged with parliamentarians, diplomats and senior public officials including in the UK, USA, Sweden, Maldives and Malaysia. Professor Rehman has had a considerable impact in developing law, and the reform of law, policy and practice. In 2010, during Pope Benedict VXI's visit to the UK, Professor Rehman was invited to have an audience with the Pope and he was awarded the Papal medal in recognition for his services for developing the inter-faith dialogue and work on freedom of religion or belief. Professor Rehman was recognised as a 'world famous jurist' (2013) by the International Bar Association (IBA) and between 2008-2011, he served as member of IBA's Taskforce on International Terrorism. In 2015, Professor Rehman was elected as a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (FAcSS) as 'leading high profile UK and global authority on Islamic law and international terrorism [and] Muslim Family law'. Between 2008-2018, Professor Rehman served as the Rapporteur (and Co-Rapporteur) of the International Law Association's Islamic Law and International Law Committee. In 2020 Professor Rehman received Special Commendation from Brunel University in Brunel University's First Research Impact Award. Professor Rehman has received substantial research grants and funding for knowledge transfer: examples include funding from the European Commission under the 7th Framework Cooperation Programme during 2008-2010 as consortium partner for Euros:643.000.00 and as a member of the consortium of Ulster University (2003 - ), Law School Academics, with a grant of £4 Million for establishment of the Transitional Justice Institute at Ulster University. Professor Rehman was a member of Arts and Humanities Research Council (2017- 2020) and has been assessor, inter alia, for the European Commission, Economic and Social Research Council and the British Academy (2018-2019). Public law; International human rights law; Islamic law. Student Support Director Enterprise and External Partnerships
Dr Isobel Renzulli Dr Isobel Renzulli
Lecturer in Law
Dr Renzulli joined Brunel University as a lecturer in law in September 2018. Previously she was a lecturer in law at the University of Greenwich. She has also taught as a visiting lecturer at King's College London, the Open University, and the University of Reading. She completed her PhD at the University of Bristol with an Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) scholarship for her research on ‘Challenges to prevention of torture in crisis situations. The case of Sudan’. Dr Renzulli has experience of working with governmental and non governmental organisations.Prior to entering academia Dr Renzulli worked in different capacities with human rights non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the UK and Africa, and as a human rights officer at the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva (Switzerland). Main research interests are in the Human Rights Law, Public Law, International Human Rights Law, Public International Law. Dr Renzulli is interested in particular in the theory and the practice of human rights mechanisms and bodies and the role of national, regional and international institutions with a human rights mandate. Her current research focuses on the conceptual, normative and legal frameworks for the prevention of torture and its implementation, the interaction between international human rights law and penal systems, the impact and influence of human rights law on the protection of prisoners and offenders in the criminal justice system more generally. UG- Criminal Justice System UG- Public Law PG -Theory and Practice of International Human Rights Law PG -Business and Human Rights PG- Foundations of International Human Rights Law
Dr Pietro Sullo Dr Pietro Sullo
Divisional Lead / Reader - International Law
Pietro joined Brunel University as a reader in international law in 2021. His interests include public international law, human rights, international criminal law (in particular genocide), transitional justice and refugee law. Pietro studied law at the University Federico II in Naples and later specialized in international and human rights law, earning a Master of Arts in Human Rights and Conflict Management and a PhD in international law at the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento, Pisa, Italy. During and after his doctoral studies he has conducted field research in post-conflict settings including Cambodia, Guatemala, Rwanda and South Sudan. These experiences have deeply shaped his research and teaching agenda which is characterized by a strong sensitivity to human rights, social inequalities, the Global South, the long-term impact of colonization processes, subaltern studies and third world approach to international law (TWAIL). Prior to his appointment at Brunel Law School Pietro has covered the position of senior researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, of director at the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratization in Venice and of rector at the Riga Graduate School of Law in Latvia. He has lectured various subjects including international law and transitional justice at the Dickson Poon School of Law at the King’s College in London, the University of Kent and the University of Leuven. He has also cooperated with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, international NGOs and worked as a senior legal expert on human rights and transitional justice for the Libya Constitution Drafting Assembly. Pietro has been admitted to the Italian Bar in 2008. His record of publications includes one monograph, articles in international peer reviewed journals, chapters in edited books, as well as policy-oriented pieces of research. Pietro has two kids, Emilio and Julie, 6 and 4 years old respectively. In his free time, Pietro loves cooking, reading, cinema and table tennis. Public International Law European Systems of Human Rights Protection The Migrant, the State and the Law
Professor Alexandra Xanthaki Professor Alexandra Xanthaki
Alexandra is a leading expert on indigenous rights in international law. AMong her several publications, her monograph Indigenous Rights and United Nations Standards: Self-determination, Culture and Land (Cambridge University Press) is considered a reference source on the topic. In 2011 Alexandra co-edited Reflections on the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Hart) and most recently, in 2017, Indigenous Peoples' Cultural Heritage (Martinus Nijhoff/ Brill). Her work has been cited repeatedly in United Nations documents and she has given keynote speeches around the world, including the Arctic Centre, Rovaniemi; the KL Bar, Malaysia; Trento, Italy; and London. She has worked closely with the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Issues, the ILO. Currently she is working with Minority Rights Group International on the rights of the Latin American community in the 7sisters re-development in Haringey, London. She has taught civil servants, indigenous leaders and activities in Vietnam, Pretoria, Kyiv, and London. She is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (University of London). Before she joined Brunel university, Alexandra taught in Keele and Liverpool. She has received the STAR award for her teaching and stduent support. She is a member of the Human Rights Faculty of the Centre for Continuing Education at the University of Oxford and has been an external examiner in several law departments, currently at Birkbeck. Since October 2015, Alexandra leads the Athens Refugee Project, where she takes Brunel law students to Athens to volunteer in migrant and refugee sites, provide assistance and learn more on the refugee crisis in Europe from discussions with state authoriites, NGOs and IGOs. She has found invaluable partners in Maria Voutsinou from the Greek Ombudsman for Human Rights and Kenneth Hansen from Faros ('The Lighthouse'), an NGO on unaccompanied minors. Brunel University has received a congratulatory letter from the Greek state for this project. In 2017, Alexandra organised a series of academic multi-disciplinary events on Migrant and Refugee Rights in London (with IALS) and Athens. Qualifications: LLB (Athens); LLM (QUB); PhD (Keele); Lawyer (Athens Bar) International Human Rights; International Minority Rights Student Support As the Director of Research, I am responsible for the strategic direction of the School in relation to staff research activity and research student matters.
Dr Ermioni Xanthopoulou Dr Ermioni Xanthopoulou
Senior Lecturer in Law
Ermioni is a senior lecturer in law at Brunel Law School, where she is currently teaching criminal law, migration and refugee law, and where she is also participating in the European Commission's Horizon 2020 ITFLOWS research project. Her research focuses on the EU's area of freedom, security and justice – particularly in EU criminal, migration, and asylum law, as well as human rights. She is the author of 'Fundamental Rights and Mutual Trust in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: A Role for Proportionality?' published with Hart Publishing in 2020 and of several other publications. Her article, 'Mutual Trust and Rights in EU Criminal and Asylum Law: Three Phases of Evolution and the Unchartered Territory beyond Blind Trust', was awarded the 2017 Common Market Law Review Prize for young academics. Ermioni conducted her doctoral research at King's College London (2012-2017) with a scholarship from the Centre of European Law. Ermioni was granted the Athena Swan Research Award to conduct her individual research project on externalising trends of asylum law and she will be working on this project during 2022-2023 with the support of CBASS funds. Before joining Brunel, Ermioni was a lecturer in law at the University of Hertfordshire for three years. During her doctoral studies at KCL, Ermioni was also a visiting lecturer at London School of Economics. She also volunteered at Amnesty International and completed her Legal Practice Training in Greece. Crime, security, migration, asylum, human rights. Criminal Law; Migrant, State and the Law; Multiculturalism and Human Rights; Refugee Policy and Practice
Dr John Macmillan Dr John Macmillan
Senior Lecturer in International Relations
The inter-disciplinary nature of International Relations has, for me, always been one of the most stimulating features of the subject. Whilst IR has long professed a strong core narrative of what distinguishes the field the most interesting work in the subject combines insights from a range of disciplinary traditions, whether History, Philosophy, Law, Political Economy, or Political Theory. It is this interdisciplinary character that enables a particularly rich analysis of the ‘big’ questions that IR addresses. For example, in the final year of my own undergraduate study I was struck by the proposition that stable liberal democracies rarely if ever went to war against each other. My subsequent research in this area combined the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, critical insights from Marxist inspired traditions, and a strong historical – or empirical – interest in specific interstate relationships culminating either in heightened conflict or the creation and maintenance of peaceful relations. More recently I have been interested in the question of liberal state ‘intervention’ and in particular variation and trends in intervention over time. This has involved engaging with historical sociological and post-colonial perspectives as well as more established traditions within the discipline such as the English School ‘international society’ tradition. In this respect, matters of contextualisation and perspective are as important for allowing an individual to see the world in its richness and complexity as they are for understanding why it is that the members of international society frequently see the world in very different ways. Qualifications: DPhil International Relations (Oxford) BA International Relations (Keele) I am interested in history and theory of both the particular peace-proneness and the use of force by liberal states (democracies). Initially the focus of this interest was on the Democratic Peace proposition but more recently the focus has been more on liberal state intervention. Undergraduate Programmes Module convenor Globalisation and Governance (Yr 3) Postgraduate Programmes Programme convenor MA International Relations Module convenor Evolution of International Relations War in Politics: Democracy, War and InterventionDissertation and Research Skills in International Relations Administration Part-time Staff Liaison Coordinator

Associate members

Professor Philip Davies Professor Philip Davies
Professor - Intelligence Studies / Director of BCISS
Although born in England, I took my first two degrees in Canada then returned to pursue my PhD at Reading. After lecturing in Singapore, Reading and the University of Malaya I joined Brunel. On appointment here I co-founded the Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies and developed the MA in Intelligence and Security Studies. In 2008 I took over as BCISS Director, in which capacity I expanded BCISS as a University Interdepartmental Research Centre drawing in full and associate BCISS members from multiple different divisions, departments and colleges across the University. My research is fundamentally practically-oriented, concerned with the nuts and bolts of how intelligence institutions work and their relationships with other, more overt aspects of the machinery of government as well as with international allies and partners. That work has focused mainly on national and defence intelligence functions, concepts and capabilities, looking not just at the UK's intelligence community but also those of the United States of America, India and Malaysia. End-user impact is a central theme in my work, having spent six years leading Brunel's delivery of the basic intelligence assessment course for newly appointed analysts seconded to the European Union Intelligence and Situation Centre (EU INTCEN), and having been centrally involved in crafting the current UK military Joint Intelligence Doctrine. In 2015 I was a member of a consultative panel of academics and other subject matter experts convened as part of the drafting of the 2016 Investigatory Powers Act. I am currently involved in a project on Defence and military counter-intelligence. Most of my research activities focus on my role as Director of the Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies. I am, primarily, a political sociologist specialising in institution-building and organisational design of intelligence agencies and communities. I have an active interest and workstream on comparative intelligence studies, have conducted an intensive comparative study (funded by the Leverhulme Trust) of British and US national intelligence, and written area-studies oriented analyses of intelligence concepts and institutions in Malaysia and India, and collaborated with Kristian Gustafson on agenda-setting work intended to further extend comparative intelligence studies beyond the 'Anglosphere'. Early in the previous decade I was one of the founding architects of a theory of ‘intelligence culture’ as a counterpart to existing theories of strategic, organisational and political culture, and the comparative study of national intelligence systems. I have written on ‘intelligence theory’ and my most recent work is concerned chiefly with on the evolution of concepts, doctrine and professional practice in defence and military intelligence. Postgraduate Programmes Module convenor Intelligence Concepts, Issues and Institution (residential and distance learning) Counterintelligence and Security (residential and distance learning) Administration Director, Brunel Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies
Dr Steven Wagner Dr Steven Wagner
Senior Lecturer in International Security
I am an historian of intelligence, security, empire and the modern Middle East. Before coming to Brunel, I was a SSHRC postdoctoral fellow in the Department of History and Classical Studies at McGill University, Montreal. I received my DPhil from the University of Oxford, and my BA and MA from the University of Calgary. Since 2007, I have been looking at records declassified records in the UK, USA, and Israel which shed new light on the story of the Palestine Mandate, but also on the previously unknown role of intelligence in countering terrorism & insurgency, and in shaping British policy. Qualifications: DPhil – University of Oxford MA – University of Calgary BA – University of Calgary Broadly speaking, my research covers the relationship between intelligence, state and society, and how intelligence services influenced the emergence of the Modern Middle East. Since 2007, I have studied declassified records in the UK, USA, and Israel which shed new light on the story of the Palestine Mandate, but also on the previously unknown role of intelligence in countering terrorism & insurgency, and in shaping British policy. Specifically, he has focused on how intelligence shaped Britain's thirty year rule in Palestine, and its impact upon the Arab-Zionist conflict.