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Buying your first home? Here's how to increase your chances of getting a mortgage


Prof Alper Kara is Professor of Banking and Finance at Brunel University London. This article is republished from The Conversation, under a Creative Commons license, where it appeared as part of their Quarter Life series about issues affecting people in their 20s and 30s. Read the original.

Applying for a mortgage for the first time can be a daunting task. But there are several ways you can increase your chances of having your application accepted.

The outcome of a mortgage application largely depends on your deposit size, ability to repay and credit score. These are the factors that make you more or less risky in the eyes of the lender.

As a first step, it is important that you improve your understanding of what a mortgage is and how the repayments work.

But make sure you are also familiar with a mortgage calculator to see what you can afford. Mortgage calculators are tools that give you an estimate of how much you could borrow from a lender or what your monthly repayments and other costs might be.

Try not to stretch your budget to the limit

Typically, you are allowed to borrow four-and-a-half times your annual income from a mortgage lender. So, for a 30-year old earning an annual salary of £32,000, the top limit will be £144,000. Two people with the same salary would be able to borrow £288,000 for a house they are buying together.

Next, decide whether you want to stretch your budget to its limit. The higher the value of the home you are buying, the bigger the mortgage repayment you will have to make. Not stretching your budget may help increase your chances of getting a mortgage.

This is because lenders consider your other outgoings, such as utility bills, council tax, childcare or other debt payments, when evaluating your application. Having an income buffer makes your mortgage application less risky for the lender as you will have more ability to repay.

Allowing yourself a buffer will also offer you at least some insurance against a future blip to your income, and help manage the UK’s current cost of living crisis. Household incomes are not keeping up with living costs and are not expected to return to 2021 levels until 2027.

Improve your credit score

credit score shows mortgage lenders that you have managed money well and responsibly in the past. A higher credit score makes you a less risky investment for them. Various credit reference agencies allow you to check your credit score for free.

You can protect your credit score in a number of ways. Holding one bank account for a long time is helpful but your borrowing history also matters.

Being close to your credit limit may lower your score. However, not having any debt at all in the past may also make it difficult for mortgage lenders to judge whether you are a responsible borrower. So a good balance is needed.

Missing regular payments for bills or debt will certainly dent your credit score. And be aware that if you have joint bank accounts with others, their poor credit score may also impact yours.

Save a larger deposit

The risk for lenders is lower when borrowers have a large deposit in comparison to the value of the home they are buying. Lenders also charge lower interest rates on mortgage repayments when you have more of a deposit.

A 10% deposit is often the norm, and the rest can be borrowed from the lender. However, there are also opportunities to buy a home with only a 5% deposit for first-time-buyers.

This type of mortgage may increase your chances of buying a home if you cannot save for a larger deposit. But be aware that lenders charge higher interest rates for low-deposit mortgages as the risk is higher for them.

So-called rental track record mortgages even allow you to buy with no deposit. If you are renting at the moment and are planning to apply for a rental track record mortgage, then make sure you pay your rent on time for at least 12 months beforehand to be eligible.

However, it is important to be aware that smaller deposits mean a greater risk of you ending up with negative equity if house prices drop. Negative equity is a situation where the value of your home ends up lower than the remaining value of your mortgage.

Borrow for longer

Currently, 55% of first-time buyers have a mortgage term of longer than 30 years. Mortgages that last as long as 40 years are also on the rise.

The longer the mortgage term, the lower your monthly repayments are likely to be as they are stretched over a longer period. This increases your ability to afford the monthly payments so again reduces the risk for lenders.

However, longer mortgages mean paying interest charges for a longer period, so they cost much more over time. For a £288,000 mortgage with a 5% interest rate, for example, you would make a staggering £161,653 in additional interest payments if you borrow for 40 years instead of 25. Check other scenarios here.

With many mortgage products you can make an over payment of 10% per year. Thus, another option would be to keep your monthly payments low and make bulk payments whenever you have extra savings. This will help you to reduce the duration of the mortgage.

This may not be ideal for everyone. However, buying jointly with family and friends could help strengthen your repayment capacity and credit scores. You should, of course, seek independent legal advice over the risks involved before doing so.

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