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Dr Thomas Miller
Senior Lecturer in Environmental Sciences


As an interdisciplinary scientist with a background in biology and analytical chemistry, my research interests are focussed on the impact of chemicals in the environment and the interaction this chemical stress has with other environmental stressors. My expertise lies in small molecule mass spectrometry to determine chemicals found in the environment (especially in wildlife) and to determine biomarkers and pathways associated with adverse effects in exposed organisms. I am also interested in the integration of artificial intelligence within environmental toxicology to support and solve different environmental challenges. 

From the start of my PhD at King's College London my research was originally focussed on the uptake, biotransofrmation and elimination of pharmaceuticals in a freshwater invertebrate (Gammarus pulex) commonly found in UK rivers. I developed and validated machine learning models to predict these proccesses to support and potentially replace bioaccumulation testing during environmental risk assessments. I then moved into a postdoctoral position where I focussed on understanding the impact of pharmaceuticals by assessing behavioural disruption in these organisms. I developed and applied metabolomic workflows to gain a mechanistic understanding of animal behaviour and to link cause-effect relationships for different drug exposures.

Here at Brunel, I will be working in three main areas concerned with chemical pollution. First is concerned with the determination of chemicals (and mixtures) using exposomics to characterise the chemical space in the environment, with a focus on internalised residues in animals. Second, improving mechanistic understanding of cause-effect relationships using metabolomics and lipidomics to determine biochemical changes that are phenotypically anchored. Finally, development and application of AI to support envrionmental risk assessment, replace animal testing and improve interpretation of complex datasets to better understand animal health. 


  • 2020 - Present: Lecturer in Environmental Sciences (Brunel University London)
  • 2017- 2020: Postdoctoral Research Associate (King's College London) 
  • 2012 - 2016: PhD in Environmental Toxicology (King's College London) 
  • 2011 - 2012: MSc Analytical Chemistry (Kingston University)
  • 2008 - 2011: BSc(Hons) Biology (University of Portsmouth)


  • Study and assesment block lead for the BSc Environmental Sciences programme (ES1702 & ES1802)
  • Admissions Tutor for the Environmental Sciences Division 

Newest selected publications

Miller, TH., Ng, KT., Lamphiere, A., Cameron, TC., Bury, NR. and Barron, LP. (2020) 'Multicompartment and cross-species monitoring of contaminants of emerging concern in an estuarine habitat'. Environmental Pollution, 270. pp. 1 - 12. ISSN: 0269-7491 Open Access Link

Journal article

Miller, TH., Ng, KT., Bury, ST., Bury, SE., Bury, NR. and Barron, LP. (2019) 'Biomonitoring of pesticides, pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs in a freshwater invertebrate to estimate toxic or effect pressure'. Environment International, 129. pp. 595 - 606. ISSN: 0160-4120

Journal article

Chang, ED., Hogstrand, C., Miller, TH., Owen, SF. and Bury, NR. (2019) 'The Use of Molecular Descriptors to Model Pharmaceutical Uptake by a Fish Primary Gill Cell Culture Epithelium'. Environmental Science and Technology, 53 (3). pp. 1576 - 1584. ISSN: 0013-936X

Journal article

Miller, TH., Gallidabino, MD., Macrae, JI., Hogstrand, C., Bury, NR., Barron, LP., et al. (2018) 'Machine Learning for Environmental Toxicology: A Call for Integration and Innovation'. Environmental Science and Technology, 52 (22). pp. 12953 - 12955. ISSN: 0013-936X

Journal article

Miller, TH., Gallidabino, MD., MacRae, JR., Owen, SF., Bury, NR. and Barron, LP. (2018) 'Prediction of bioconcentration factors in fish and invertebrates using machine learning'. Science of the Total Environment, 648. pp. 80 - 89. ISSN: 0048-9697 Open Access Link

Journal article
More publications(16)