Mobile Ad hoc Networks (Routing Protocol)
Introduction: Mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is ideally to be used in emergency situations like natural disasters, military conflicts, emergency medical situations etc as shown in Fig. 1. Today, MANET is required to support increasing demand for multimedia communications. Maintaining real-time media traffics such as audio and video in presence of dynamic network topology is particularly challenging due to high data rate requirements and stringent delay constraint especially when wireless nodes are generally have limited resources in battery power and bandwidth. In this scenario, the challenge to routing protocol stems from the need to maintain reliable routes with QoS assurance, minimum control overhead and energy consumption from such maintenance.