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Dr Alison Carrol
Reader in European History

Marie Jahoda 215


II am a historian of Modern Europe, and I have worked on different aspects of the history of borders, borderlands, nationhood and the centre-periphery relationship in modern France and Europe. Before joining Brunel in 2011 I was Junior Research Fellow at Murray Edwards College, University of Cambridge (2008-2010) and Lecturer in Modern History at Birkbeck, University of London (2010-2011). In 2010 I was awarded the Etienne Baluze Prize in European Regional History. I have been a Visiting Fellow at the Institute for European Global Studies, University of Basel, and am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. Thanks to the generous support of the Gerda Henkel Stiftung, I am on research leave in the 2022-23 academic year.

My first book, The Return of Alsace to France, 1918-1939, asks what happened when the region of Alsace returned to France after almost fifty years of annexation into the German Empire: How did France attempt to make this German-speaking region French? How did the Alsatian popoulation see themselves? What did return mean for the region? I argue that return was not completed when French troops entered the region in 1918,  or indeed when return was ratified by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Rather I view return as a process that evolved over the following two decades, and involved a range of actors inside and outside Alsace. In order to investigate the meaning of return, I treated the border as a category of analysis, and analysed the ways in which return was shaped and driven by the national boundary between France and Germany, which lies along the east of Alsace. This book was shortlisted for the European Book Prize (awarded by the Council for European Studies) and I have published a number of articles and chapters on Alsace, most recently in French History and Contemporary European History, and have written for a wider audience in The Conversation.

My work on Alsace led me to to develop an interest in where our ideas about borders come from, and this led to my new research project on the long history of the Channel Tunnel.. The starting point of this project is that while borders represent powerful symbols of national identity and historical continuity, they have been imagined and reimagined in a variety of ways, and have functioned differently across time periods and political regimes. My new research project uses a case study of the Channel Tunnel to think about what proposals for a tunnel tell us about shifting ideas about borders, connection and cohesion in France and Britain during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This research is funded by a Brunel University London Athena Swan award, by the British Academy/Leverhulme Trust and by the Gerda Henkel Stiftung.

I am also interested in the relationship between borders, ideas of belonging and heritage. I will be developing this theme with my colleague Professor Astrid Swenson (University of Bayreuth), through a project entitled 'Borders of Belonging. Historical and Creative Methdos in Heritage and Placemaking.' This has been funded by the Humboldt Centre (Bayreuth).


  • PhD in History
  • MA in European History
  • BA (Hons) in History with European Study


PGR Director for Social and Political Sciences

Newest selected publications

Carrol, A. (2022) 'Navigations of National Belonging. Legal Reintegration After the Return of Alsace to France, 1918–1939', in Dalle Mulle, E., Rodogno, D. and Bieling, M. (eds.) Sovereignty, Nationalism, and the Quest for Homogeneity in Interwar Europe. London : Bloomsbury. ISBN 13: 9781350263383.

Book chapter

Carrol, A. (2021) 'Les passages de la frontière Franco-Allemande en Alsace dans l'entre-deux-guerres', in Depoil, A-L. and Plyer, S. (eds.) Frontière, migrations et mobilités en Alsace de 1870 aux années 1930. ISBN 10: 2868207596. ISBN 13: 9782868207593. Open Access Link

Book chapter

Carrol, A. (2021) 'Crossing borders: the making of France’s eastern frontier in Alsace, 1918–1939'. French History, 35 (1). pp. 70 - 90. ISSN: 0269-1191 Open Access Link

Journal article

Carrol, A. (2020) 'Winemaking and the Politics of Identity in Alsace, 1918-1939'. Contemporary European History, 29 (4). pp. 380 - 393. ISSN: 0960-7773 Open Access Link

Journal article

Carrol, A. (2019) 'Paths to Frenchness. National Indifference and the Return of Alsace to France, 1918-1939', in van Ginderachter, M. and Fox, J. (eds.) National indifference and the History of Nationalism in Modern Europe. Routledge. ISBN 10: 1138503487.

Book chapter
More publications(16)