Completed Project description Constituency level campaigning has become crucial to the electoral strategies of all the major parties in Britain, and a significant academic literature – initially regarded as ‘revisionist’ – has emerged. This work – now regarded as mainstream – has revealed many things including how campaigns have changed over time; how parties have responded to wider changes in society, the electorate, and within their own parties; and the degree to which parties are able to harness their resources effectively to fight elections. They have also informed discussions about power within parties – how far central party organisations are able to coordinate constituency party campaigns and how much is left to the grass-roots. And finally, they have furthered our understanding of how voters respond to cues from the parties, and the extent to which voters can be mobilized. This study will examine constituency campaigning at the 2019 British General Election and will provide not only a continuation of a unique and valuable time series that began in 1992, but also a programme of innovation that furthers our understanding of the impact, role, and nature of campaigns in the modern political arena. The study will seek to address four underlying research questions: What is the electoral impact of constituency campaigns? How have campaign techniques evolved? How are party campaign organisations evolving? What is the impact of constituency campaigns on different groups of electors? Publications We have published many articles analysing constituency campaigning. A selection of them are listed here, with some available for free download: Edward Fieldhouse, Justin Fisher & David Cutts (2019) ‘Popularity equilibrium: testing a general theory of local campaign efficacy’. Party Politics, Published Online Early DOI: 10.1177/1354068818823443 Justin Fisher, David Cutts, Edward Fieldhouse & Bettina Rottweiler (2019), ‘The Impact of Electoral Context on the Electoral Effectiveness of District Level Campaigning: Popularity Equilibrium and the Case of the 2015 British General Election’, Political Studies 67 (2): 271-290 DOI: 10.1177/0032321718764800 Justin Fisher, David Cutts, Edward Fieldhouse & Bettina Rottweiler (2017) ‘District-level explanations for supporter involvement in political parties : The importance of electoral factors’ Party Politics. Published Online Early Justin Fisher, Ron Johnston, David Cutts, Charles Pattie & Edward Fieldhouse (2014) ‘You get what you (don’t) pay for: The impact of volunteer labour and candidate spending at the 2010 British General Election’, Parliamentary Affairs. 67 (4): 804-824. Justin Fisher, Edward Fieldhouse & David Cutts (2014) ‘Members Are Not the Only Fruit: Volunteer Activity in British Political Parties at the 2010 General Election’, British Journal of Politics & International Relations. 16 (1): 75-95. Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie, David Cutts, Edward Fieldhouse & Justin Fisher (2013) ‘The Long and the Short of it: Local Campaigning at the British 2010 General Election’, Political Studies. Published Online Early. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9248.12011 David Cutts, Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie & Justin Fisher (2012) ‘Laying the foundations for electoral success: Conservative pre-campaign canvassing before the 2010 UK general election’, Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties. 22 (3): 359-75. Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie, David Cutts & Justin Fisher (2012) ‘Spending, contacting and voting: the 2010 British general election in the constituencies’, Environment and Planning A. 44: 1165-1184. Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie, David Cutts & Justin Fisher (2012) ‘We’ve got them on the list: contacting, canvassing and voting in a British general election campaign’, Electoral Studies. 31 (2): 317-29. Justin Fisher, David Cutts & Edward Fieldhouse (2011) ‘The Electoral Effectiveness of Constituency Campaigning in the 2010 British General Election: The ‘Triumph’ of Labour?’, Electoral Studies. 30 (4): 816-28. Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie, David Cutts, Edward Fieldhouse & Justin Fisher (2011) ‘Local Campaign Spending at the 2010 General Election and its Impact: Exploring what Wider Regulation has Revealed’, Political Quarterly. 82 (2): 169-82. Edward Fieldhouse & David Cutts (2009) ‘The effectiveness of local party campaigns in 2005: combining evidence from campaign spending and agent survey data’ British Journal of Political Science, 39 (2): 367-88. Justin Fisher & David Denver (2009) ‘Evaluating the Electoral Effects of Traditional and Modern Modes of Constituency Campaigning in Britain 1992-2005’, Parliamentary Affairs. 62 (2): 196-210. Justin Fisher & David Denver (2008) ‘From Foot-Slogging to Call Centres and Direct Mail: A Framework for Analysing the Development of District-Level Campaigning’, European Journal of Political Research. 47 (6): 794-826. Justin Fisher, David Denver & Gordon Hands (2006) ‘The Relative Electoral Impact of Central Party Co-ordination and Party Size at Constituency Level’, Electoral Studies. 25 (4): 664-76. Justin Fisher, David Denver & Gordon Hands (2006) ‘Unsung Heroes? Constituency Election Agents in British General Elections’, British Journal of Politics & International Relations.8 (4): 569-86. Justin Fisher, David Denver & Gordon Hands (2006) ‘Party Membership and Campaign Activity in Britain: The Impact of Electoral Performance’, Party Politics. 12 (4): 505-19. David Denver, Gordon Hands, Justin Fisher & Iain McAllister (2003) ‘Constituency Campaigning in Britain 1992-2001: Centralisation and Modernisation’, Party Politics. 9 (5): 541-59. David Denver, Gordon Hands, Justin Fisher & Iain McAllister ‘The Impact of Constituency Campaigning in the 2001 General Election’, British Elections & Parties Review Volume 12: The 2001 General Election. pp.80-94. Justin Fisher (2014) ‘Can’t buy me votes (necessarily): money and elections’ in Cowley & Ford (eds) Sex, Lies and the Ballot Box. London: Biteback Publishing. pp. 225-8. (free access available via Google Books) Justin Fisher (2011) ‘Legal regulation and political activity at the local level in Britain’ in Ewing, Tham & Rowbottom (eds) The Funding of Political Parties. London: Routledge. pp. 110-23. Justin Fisher, David Cutts & Edward Fieldhouse (2011) ‘Constituency Campaigning in 2010’ in Wring, Mortimore & Atkinson (eds) Political Communication in Britain: TV Debates, the Media and the Election. Basingstoke: Palgrave. pp.198-217. Andrew Russell, David Denver, David Cutts, Edward Fieldhouse & Justin Fisher (2008) ‘Non-Party Activity in the 2005 UK General Election: “Promoting or Procuring Electoral Success”?’ in Farrell & Schmitt-Beck (eds) Non-Party Actors in Electoral Politics. Baden-Baden: Nomus. pp. 103-25. Justin Fisher, David Denver, Edward Fieldhouse, Andrew Russell & David Cutts (2007) ‘Constituency Campaigning in 2005: Ever More Centralization?’ in Wring, Green, Mortimore & Atkinson (eds) Political Communications: The British General Election of 2005. Basingstoke: Palgrave. pp. 79-92. David Denver, Gordon Hands, Justin Fisher & Iain McAllister (2002) ‘Constituency Campaigning in 2001: The Effectiveness of Targeting’ in Bartle, Mortimore & Atkinson (eds), Political Communications: The British General Election of 2001. London: Frank Cass, 2002. pp.159-80.