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Professor Monica Degen
College Creative Industries Lead / Professor

Marie Jahoda 236

Research area(s)

  • Cities, space and urban culture
  • Spatial power relations and urban life
  • Gentrification processes
  • Experiential urbanism, the senses and embodiment
  • Creative industries, museums and cities
  • Urban branding and social media

I welcome applications from PhD students or post-doctoral students in any of these areas.

Research Interests

As a cultural urban sociologist my research is interdisciplinary. The key areas of research I cover are urban life and culture with a specific emphasis on the relationship between spatial politics and experiential urbanism. My work demonstrates how the management and organisation of urban experiences - the ‘urban aesthetic’ - is central to the redevelopment of urban environments. In my latest book A New Urban Aesthetic: experiencing urban change digitally that focuses on three international case studies of urban redevelopment Milton Keynes, London and Qatar, I argue that these processes are increasingly digitally mediated through CGI’s, social media and mobile phone apps, thus rearticulating people’s engagement with cities. Ultimately, I demonstrate that urban experiences are political, socially shaped, and underpin power relations between the manifold actors in the city, whether architects, planners, residents or visitors. Previous research projects have explored these themes from various perspectives, see details below.

Experiencing the urban: atmospheres, temporality and the senses

Between 2015-2017 I ran (PI) an international AHRC network: "Sensory Cities: researching, representing and curating sensory-emotional landscapes of urban environments"which brought together city museum curators, urban branding experts, activists and urban planners to develop new methodologies to capture the sense of place of cities and the ways in which urban environments are stratified by power relations (AHRC grant number AH/M006379/1).

I have explored the importance of senses and time in how we experience urban environments through two projects. Firstly, between 2007 and 2009 the project Urban Aesthetics with Prof Gillian Rose explored new methods to research how people experience two very different town centres (Milton Keynes and Bedford), highlighting the role of memory in urban experiences (ESRC grant number RES-062-23-0223). In 2016 I was awarded a British Academy Mid-Career Fellow examining “Timescapes of Urban Change” (BA grant number MD140041). I examined how different perceptions of time converge or conflict in urban regeneration processes across the structural and experiential level to produce a particular sense of place. Drawing on long term fieldwork of an urban regeneration process in el Raval, Barcelona, this research explored temporal features as a crucial dimension in shaping power relations in regeneration processes. Please access the research here:

Museums, urban change and cultural power

In 2021 I organised a 2-day international symposium Museums, Cities, Cultural Power (funding awarded by Brunel Research Seminar and Brunel Engagement Funding and match-funded by the Museum of London and UCL Urban Lab). This online symposium brought together international cultural and museum practitioners, academics, urbanists, architects and activists for a series of urgent discussions on the evolving power relationships between urban museums, their neighbourhoods and the people who inhabit them. More than 1000 people attended the symposium. A film, podcasts and a Urban Pampleteer have developed from this event.

I have developed ongoing research around the changing sense of place of the Smithfield Market area as it becomes transformed through the City of London’s latest regeneration projects the 'Culture Mile' and the New Museum of London. Beginning in 2017, funded by Brunel Research Development and in collaboration with The Museum of London, I produced a report which informed the new museum’s design and curatorial content. The study analysed the changing identity of the Smithfield area, drawing on new digital and experiential methodologies quantified for the museum in a series of evocative digital maps, see: Continuing this collaboration, in 2020 along with the Museum of London I was awarded an AHRC Collaborative Techne doctoral studentship “Changing Places: Evaluating the socio-cultural impact and experiential change of the new Museum of London in Smithfield” which is pursued by Tom Butler.

Urban representations: Urban branding, social media and digital imagery

In 2019/20 I conducted further research into the use of social media, in particular Instagram, in the branding of the Culture Mile which is discussed in the book A New Urban Aesthetic: experiencing urban change digitally (Bloomsbury, 2022; co-authored with G. Rose, Oxford University)

The project Architectural atmospheres, branding and the social (ESRC grant number RES-062-23-3305), which I began in 2011 (with Prof G. Rose and Dr Clare Melhuish), was a two-year ethnographic study of architectural studios exploring how digital visualization processes and technologies operate within the architecture and urban design profession, shape new kinds of architectural work practices and envision particular forms of future social life. As part of the project we curated a two week exhibition in August 2013 at the Building Centre, London as well as an international workshop: Visualising Atmospheres.

Commissioned research:

In 2023 Hillingdon Council comissioned Monica to develop a community consultation to analyse the uses, embodied experiences amd perceptions of Uxbridge Town Centre to inform a forthcoming masterplan. Over 1000 local residents and visitors were engaged through a variety of methods from focus groups, walking interviews, vox pop surveys to an interactive exhibition (co-organised with Daniel Gutierrez-Lleide University), see: Echoes of Uxbridge

In 2022/23 as part of knowledge exchange research at the Corporation of London Monica conducted a pre-implementation survey of the daily uses and experiences in the Moorgate area, see: Moorgate/London Wall: Green Space Area Uses And Sense Of Place 

In 2021 Hillingdon Chamber of Commerce and funded by the GLA’s ‘Putting Your High Street on the Map’, comissioned a 6 week pilot study during the summer of 2021 to produce an experiential-emotional map of the current look and feel of Uxbridge High Street, see: Reimagining Uxbridge High Street

In 2015, commissioned by the charity UTurn Women's Centre, I conducted a one year research project with Prof. Sue Buckingham about the everyday lives and needs of street sex-workers in Tower Hamlets, in order to find out how the third sector can provide appropriate services and facilities. 

Research grants and projects

Research Projects


Re-imagining Uxbridge High Street’
Funder: GLA London
Duration: August 2021 - October 2021

Pilot study to support a GLA grant to redesign the experience of Uxbridge High Street a collaboration between Brunel University London and Hillingdon Chamber of Commerce.

Sensory Explorations of West Smithfield
Funder: Brunel University
Duration: May 2017 - October 2017

A experiential analysis of the West Smithfield area to inform the new Museum of London design and exhibition spaces

Timescapes of Urban Change
Funder: British Academy
Duration: January 2016 - December 2016

Mid-Career Fellowship

Women involved in street sex work in the UK: an analysis of service need and provision
Funder: U-Turn Women's Centre
Duration: June 2015 - May 2016

Commissioned research study and report

M_Senses & the City
Funder: Arts & Humanities Research Council
Duration: April 2015 - April 2017
Visiting Researcher Grant
Funder: AGAUR (Agencia de Gestiio de Ajuts Universitaris i Recerca - Catalan Government)
Duration: December 2011 - April 2012

Grant by the Catalan Government to be a vsisting professor at Barcelona University

Urban Aesthetics: a comparison of experiences in Milton Keynes and Bedford town centres
Funder: Economic and Social Research Council
Duration: September 2007 - April 2009
Market Research: Public Art in Milton Keynes
Funder: Geography Department, Open University
Duration: March 2004 - October 2004

Project details


Brunel Research Development Fund "Sensory Explorations of West Smithfield’s Market" in collaboration with the Museum Of London £4,960 April 2017 - October 2017 (PI)

British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship “Timescapes of Urban Change”£ 127.000January 2016- January 2017  (PI):

Co- investigator with Prof. S. Buckingham “Women involved in street sex work in the UK: An analysis of service need and provision”£72,525 Funded by UTurn Women’s Centre. June 2015 – May 2016Report:

AHRC Research Networking Grant“Sensory Cities: researching, representing and curating sensory-emotional landscapes of urban Environments”£45,248.00April 2015 – April 2017Monica Degen (PI):

ESRCArchitectural Atmospheres:The impact of digital technologies on architectural design practice'£231,832October 2011 - September 2013Monica Degen (CI)

AGAUR (Agencia de Gestio d’Ajuts Universitaris i Recerca), Catalan GovernmentEvaluating the social politics of urban regeneration in el Raval, Barcelona5,840 EurosJanuary 2012 – January 2013Monica Degen (PI)

ESRCUrban Aesthetics: a comparison of experiences in Milton Keynes and Bedford town centres.£178,501Sept 2007 – April 2009Monica Degen ( CI)